Jayantika, Jayantikā: 7 definitions


Jayantika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Jayantika in Ayurveda glossary

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Jayantikā (जयन्तिका):—One of the sixty-eight Siddhauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs give siddhi (success) in mercurial operations. Even so, they are more powerful than rasa (mercury) itself. These may perform all the kāryas (‘effects’) and grant dehasiddhi (‘perfection of body’) and lohasiddhi (‘transmutation of base metals’) both.

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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Jayantika in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Jayantikā (जयन्तिका) is another name of Sandhyā: a daughter of Brahmā, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.2.—“[...] O sage, when I created Marīci, Atri, Pulaha, Pulastya, Aṅgiras, Kratu, Vasiṣṭha, Nārada, Dakṣa and Bhṛgu, my mental sons of lordly stature, a beautiful woman of handsome features was born of my mind. She was variously called Sandhyā, Divakṣāntā, Sāyaṃ Sandhyā and Jayantikā, She was very beautiful with finely-shaped eyebrows capable of captivating the minds of even sages. Neither in human world nor in that of the Devas was there such a woman of complete perfection in all qualities. Nor was there such a woman in nether worlds in all the three times (past, present and future)”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Jayantika (जयन्तिक).—Sacred to Lalitā-pīṭha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 97.
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Jayantika in Shaivism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Jayantikā (जयन्तिका) is the name of a sacred site (pīṭha) to be assigned to the nostrils (nāsā) during the pīṭhavidhi (‘ritual of sacred sites’) according to the Tantrāloka chapter 29. This chapter of the Tantrāloka by Abhinavagupta expounds details regarding the Kula initiation ritual. Kula or Kaula is a specific tradition within Śaivism, closely related to Siddhānta and Śaktism. In the Jñānārṇava-tantra it is also mentioned as a pīṭha and is also called Kolvagiri.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Jayantika (जयन्तिक) is associated with Svacchanda, one of the “seven Bhairavas”, according to the Vārāṇasīmāhātmya 1.53-54.—Cf. The “eight Bhairavas” (originating from the blood of Andhaka when Śiva strikes him correspond with a set of eight Bhairavas), according to the Vāmanapurāṇa 44.23-38ff.

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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Jayantika in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Jayantikā (जयन्तिका) is the name of a sacred place identified with the Mātṛkā named Vārāhī, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—According to the Kubjikā Tantras, the eight major Kaula sacred sites each have a house occupied by a woman of low caste who is identified with a Mother (Mātṛkā).—[...] Jayantikā is identified with (a) the class of ball-making woman (kaṇḍukī) [or leather worker (carmakāriṇī)], (b) the Mātṛkā or ‘mother’ named Vārāhī, and (c) with the location of the teacher’s mouth.

2) Jayantikā (जयन्तिका) is the name of the Goddess associated with Jālandhara, one of the sacred seats (pīṭha), according to chapter 10 of the according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—The Mother and Lord derive their names simply from that of the seat they govern. The goddesses of the seats are those Kubjikā meets there in the course of her tour described in the first chapters of the Kubjikāmatatantra. The names of their male counterparts are not the same as those listed there. But they do coincide with those in the version found in the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā. We notice that they occasionally appear, as the goddesses [i.e., Jayantikā] do, in the mantras invoking the sacred seats in some of the numerous forms of the Krama.

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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Jayantika in Biology glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Jayantika [जयंतिका] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Sesbania sesban subsp. sesban Sesbania sesban subsp. sesban from the Fabaceae (Pea) family. For the possible medicinal usage of jayantika, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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