Jathara, Jaṭhara, Jāṭhara: 25 definitions


Jathara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Jathar.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Jathara in Yoga glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

Jaṭhara (जठर) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “belly”. It is used in Yoga.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Jaṭhara (जठर).—A very erudite brahmin scholar in Vedic lore. Jaṭhara was a prominent figure at the serpent yajña held by Janamejaya. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 53, Verse 8).

2) Jaṭhara (जठर).—A mountain within the ranges of Mahāmeru. On the eastern side of Mahāmeru there exist two mountains called Jaṭhara and Devakūṭa, 18,000 yojanas in extent and 2000 yojanas high. On the western side of Meru are the mountains called Pavamāna and Pāriyātra, on the southern side Kailāsa and Karavīra, and on the northern side Triśṛṅga and Makaragiri. (Devī Bhāgavata, 8th Skandha).

3) Jaṭhara (जठर).—An urban region in ancient India.

4) Jāṭhara (जाठर).—A warrior of Subrahmaṇya. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 46, Stanza 128).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Jaṭhara (जठर) refers to the “belly”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.6.—Accordingly, after the Gods eulogised Goddess Śivā who resided in the womb of Menā:—“[...] Coming out of the belly [i.e., jaṭhara] of Menā at the proper time in her real form, she resembled Lakṣmī coming out of the ocean. When she was born, Śiva was glad. A slow, fragrant and auspicious wind blew favourably. Along with the rain there was a shower of flowers. Fires calmly glowed and the clouds rumbled. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Jaṭhara (जठर).—A mountain on the East of Meru;1 connects Nīla and Naiṣadha hills.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 16. 27; Vāyu-purāṇa 35. 8; 42. 20.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 41.

2) Jāṭhara (जाठर).—The fire originating in waters; this exists in the men's bellies and cannot be put out by waters; burns without fuel; it has no jvāla or glow.1 Father of Vidvānagni.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 12; Vāyu-purāṇa 53. 8, 10.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 12. 34.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Jaṭhara (जठर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.41, IX.44.57, IX.44.70) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Jaṭhara) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: academia.edu: The Śaiva Yogas and Their Relation to Other Systems of Yoga

Jaṭhara (जठर, “stomach”) refers to one of the sixteen types of “locus” or “support” (ādhāra) according to the Netratantra. These ādhāras are called so because they “support” or “localise” the self and are commonly identified as places where breath may be retained. They are taught in two different setups: according to the tantraprakriyā and according to the kulaprakriyā. Jaṭhara belongs to the latter system.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Jaṭhara (जठर):—[jaṭharam] Abdomen

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Jaṭhara (जठर) refers to the “belly (of consciousness)”, according to the Devīpañcaśataka, an important source of the Kālīkrama that developed in Kashmir after the Kālī Mata of the Jayadrathayāmala.—Accordingly, “The permutation (of the Transmental) is said to be the Light that precedes the mistress of the Wheel of Rays [i.e., puñjacakra-īśī] (of divine consciousness). [...] (That light) is not the moon, (or) the light of the stars; it is not the light of the rays of (the sun), the lord of the sky, nor is it the brilliance of lightning—nor is it like the beautiful sun (of energy). That Light (bhāsā) is seen in the belly (of consciousness) [i.e., jaṭhara] with the eye of knowledge, that is, in the eye on the path of opening (unmeṣa). She is not seen otherwise. All (things) shine due to her: Fire, Moon, Sun and stars. As the division of Sun and Moon, she bestows the plane of oneness. Thus she is the aggregate (kula) of rays and, ferocious, she is the Supreme One (Parā) who has reached the final end of Kula and devours duality with the Yoga of the Fire of (Universal) Destruction.”.—(Cf. Puñjacakra).

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Google Books: Origin of the Life of a Human Being

Jāṭhara (जाठर).—The fire called jāṭhara is situated in the sūryamaṇḍala, which is wthin the somamaṇḍala, which itself is in the navel (nābhimadhye).

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Jathara in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

jaṭhara : (m.; nt.) the belly; the stomach.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Jaṭhara, (m. nt.) (Vedic jaṭhara, to *gelt=*gelbh (see gabbha), cp. Goth. kilpei uterus, Ags. cild=E. child) the belly Miln. 175. (Page 278)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jaṭhara (जठर).—n (S) The stomach.

--- OR ---

jāṭhara (जाठर).—a S Relating to the stomach, stomachic, gastric, ventral.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

jaṭhara (जठर).—n The stomach.

--- OR ---

jāṭhara (जाठर).—a Relating to the stomach, gastric.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jaṭhara (जठर).—a. [jāyate janturgarbho vāsmin jan-ara ṭhānta deśaḥ Tv.]

1) Hard, stiff, firm.

2) Old.

3) Bound, tied.

-raḥ, -ram 1 The stomach, belly, abdomen; जठरं को न बिभर्ति केवलम् (jaṭharaṃ ko na bibharti kevalam) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.22.

2) The womb.

3) A hole, cavity.

4) The interior af anything.

5) The bosom.

6) Morbid affection of the bowels.

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Jāṭhara (जाठर).—a. (- f.) [जठरे भवः अण् (jaṭhare bhavaḥ aṇ)] Belonging to or being in the stomach, stomachic, abdominal; धनक्षये वर्धति जाठराग्निः (dhanakṣaye vardhati jāṭharāgniḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 2.178.

-raḥ 1 The digestive faculty, gastric fluid.

2) 'Offspring of the womb', a child; भविष्यतस्तवाभद्रावभद्रे जाठराधमौ (bhaviṣyatastavābhadrāvabhadre jāṭharādhamau) Bhāgavata 3.14.38.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Jaṭhara (जठर).—name of a local ruler (pradeśarājan), previous incarnation of Devadatta: Mahāvastu i.128.14.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaṭhara (जठर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. Hard, firm. 2. Bound, tied. mn.

(-raḥ-raṃ) The belly. E. jam to eat, ar Unadi affix, and ṭhac substituted for the radical final.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaṭhara (जठर).—I. adj., f. . 1. Hard, Śāntiś. 4, 13. 2. Old, [Śiśupālavadha] 4, 29(?). Ii. m. 1. The belly, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 27. 2. The womb, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 33, 4. 3. The interior, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 41, 26.

— Cf. probably [Latin] venter, [Gothic.] qvithra and in-kiltho.

--- OR ---

Jāṭhara (जाठर).—i. e. jaṭhara + a, I. adj., f. , 1. Of the belly, Mārk. P. 2, 37. 2. With agni, a. The digestive power, [Suśruta] 1, 128, 18. b. Hunger, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 193. Ii. m. A child, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 14, 38.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaṭhara (जठर).—1. [neuter] belly, stomach, womb; cavity, hole.

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Jaṭhara (जठर).—2. [adjective] = jaraṭha.

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Jāṭhara (जाठर).—[feminine] ī being on or in the belly; [masculine] offspring of the womb, son.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jaṭhara (जठर):—1. jaṭhara mf(ā)n. ([varia lectio] for baṭh q.v.) hard, firm, [Śāntiśataka] iv, 13 and, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa] ([varia lectio] jaraṭka)

2) for jaraṭha, old, [Bhartṛhari iii, 92]

3) = baddha, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) for javana, [Rāmāyaṇa ii, 98, 24]

5) ati-, ‘very hard’ and ‘very old’ [Śiśupāla-vadha iv, 29]

6) m. Name of a man, [Pravara texts iv] ([Mādh.])

7) of a mountain, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa v, 16, 28]

8) [plural] Name of a people (in the south-east of Madhya-deśa, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā xiv, 8]), [Mahābhārata vi, 350.]

9) 2. jaṭhara n. ([m.]) the stomach, belly, abdomen, bowels, womb, interior of anything, cavity, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda] etc.

10) certain morbid affections of the bowels, [Caraka vi, 1; Suśruta i, vi]

11) cf. γαστήρ; [Gothic] kilthei or qvithrs.

12) a (= 2. j, [Sāyaṇa]), [Ṛg-veda i, 112, 17.]

13) Jāṭhara (जाठर):—mf(ī)n. being on or in or relating to the stomach or belly or womb (jaṭhara), [Mahābhārata xii, 9661; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa ii, 37]

14) with agni, ‘stomach fire’, digestive faculty, [Mahābhārata iii, 149; Suśruta]

15) hunger, [Pañcatantra ii, 6, 50 (iv, 8, 3); Bhāgavata-purāṇa iv]

16) m. ‘womb-offspring’, a child, [iii, 14, 38]

17) Name of one of Skanda’s attendants, [Mahābhārata ix, 2564.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaṭhara (जठर):—[(raḥ-raṃ)] 1. m. n. The belly. a. Hard, firm; bound, tied.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Jaṭhara (जठर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Jaḍhara, Jaḍhala.

[Sanskrit to German]

Jathara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Jathara in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Jaṭhara (जठर) [Also spelled jathar]:—(nm) the stomach; ~[rāgni] digestive fire of the stomach; ~[rānala] same as [jaṭharāgni].

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Jaṭhara (ಜಠರ):—

1) [adjective] hard; harsh; stiff.

2) [adjective] old; aged.

--- OR ---

Jaṭhara (ಜಠರ):—

1) [noun] the large, saclike organ of vertebrates into which food passes from the oesophagus or gullet for storage while undergoing the early processes of digestion; the stomach.

2) [noun] a hollow, muscular organ of female mammals in which the ovum is deposited and the embryo and foetus are developed; the womb.

--- OR ---

Jāṭhara (ಜಾಠರ):—[noun] the large, saclike organ of vertebrates into which food passes from the oesophagus or gullet for storage while undergoing the early processes of digestion; the stomach.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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