Jatakarma, Jātakarma, Jata-karma, Jātakarmā: 11 definitions
Jatakarma means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Shodhganga: Facts of society in the Manusamhita
Jātakarma (जातकर्म) is performed by the necessities of the case immedia tely after birth of a child. The ancient Sūtra and Sṃrti works mention this ceremony in different ways. Manu states that this is performed before the navel string is cut off and gives to the child to eat gold, honey a nd ghee with the recitation of mantra. Āśvalāyana mentions that this ceremony is performed before the touching of other persons the child.Source: Shodhganga: Vaikhanasa Grhyasutra Bhasya (Critical Edition and Study)
Jātakarma (जातकर्म) refers to “birth rituals” and represents one of the eighteen bodily rituals (śārīraka-saṃskāras) mentioned in the Vaikhānasagṛhyasūtra (viz., vaikhānasa-gṛhya-sūtra) which belongs to the Taittirīya school of the Black Yajurveda (kṛṣṇayajurveda).—The original Gṛhyasūtra of Vaikhanāsa consists of eleven chapters or “praśnas”. Each praśna is subdivided into sub-divisions called “khaṇḍa”. But only the first seven chapters deal with actual Gṛhyasūtra section. Of these, the first three chapters dealing with the bodily rituals [viz., Jātakarma].
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary
Jātakarma (जातकर्म) is a Sanskrit word referring to a purificatory ceremony performed at the birth of a child.
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 5. 1-16; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 42. 43; 50. 24; 63. 133; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 10. 4-15; 13. 2.
- 2) Matsya-purāṇa 24. 5-7; 245. 66; 275. 18.
- 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 3. 36.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: JSTOR: Tāntric Dīkṣā by Surya Kanta
Jātakarma (जातकर्म) refers to one of the eleven saṃskāras (purificatory rites of fire) forming part of preliminary rites before Dīkṣā: an important ritual of Śāktism described in the Śāradātilaka-tantra, chapters III-V.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: archive.org: Sardhatrisatikalottaragama
Jātakarma (जातकर्म) refers to the “birth ceremony”, which is mentioned as one of the fire-rituals related to the kuṇḍa (“fire-pit”), according to the various Āgamas and related literature. Jātakarma is mentioned in the Sārdhatriśati (chapter 6), Mataṅgapārameśvara (Kriyā-pāda, chap 4), Mṛgendra-āgama (Kriyā-pāda, chapter 6), Acintyaviśvasādākhya (chapter 14), Suprabheda-āgama (Kriyā-pāda, chapter 11), Kiraṇa-āgama (kriyā-pāda, chpater 4), Pūrvakāmika-āgama (chapter 8), Pūrvakāraṇa-āgama (chapter 22), Ajita-āgama (Kriyā-pāda, chapter 21), Raurava-āgama (Kriyā-pāda, chapter 15), Vīra-āgama (chapter 41), Dīpta-āgama (chapter 33), Cintya-āgama (chapter 10), Makuṭa-āgama (chapter 6) and the Svāyambhuva-āgama (chapter 17).
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
India history and geographySource: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1
Jatakarma refers to one of those ceremonies of the Nambutiris performed after marriage, during pregnancy or during the birth of a child. Jatakarma is the name of the birth ceremony, and is performed by the father of the child. Honey and ghī are introduced into the mouth of the infant with a golden spoon or rod, to symbolise good fortune. Then the ears and shoulders are touched with the spoon or rod, while Vedic texts are recited.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
jātakarma (जातकर्म).—n (S) One of the sixteen saṃskāra;--giving the infant clarified butter out of a golden spoon before dividing the navel string.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
jātakarma (जातकर्म).—n One of the sixteen saṃskāras, giv- ing the infant clarified butter out of a golden spoon before dividing the navel string.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Jātakarma (जातकर्म):—[jāta-karma] (rmmaḥ) 1. m. Ceremony at child-birth; delivery.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Jātakarma (ಜಾತಕರ್ಮ):—[noun] a religious rite performed when a child is born, being one of the sixteen rites to be performed during that person’s life.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Jatakarmadi, Jatakarmadipalashakarmanta, Jatakarmadiprayoga, Jatakarmadisamavartanantaprayoga, Jatakarmadisamskara, Jatakarmamantra, Jatakarman, Jatakarmapaddhati, Jatakarmaprayoga, Jatakarmavicara.
Search found 13 books and stories containing Jatakarma, Jātakarma, Jata-karma, Jātakarmā, Jāta-karma; (plurals include: Jatakarmas, Jātakarmas, karmas, Jātakarmās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 2.29 < [Section IX - The ‘jātakarma’ sacrament]
Verse 2.66 < [Section XV - Sacraments for Females]
Section IX - The ‘jātakarma’ sacrament < [Discourse II - Sources of Knowledge of Dharma]
History of Indian Medicine (and Ayurveda) (by Shree Gulabkunverba Ayurvedic Society)
Chapter 1 - The Ceremonials observed in Childhood < [Part 4 - Some Aspects of Life in Caraka’s Times]
Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Section CCXXXIV < [Mokshadharma Parva]
Section CCLXVI < [Mokshadharma Parva]
Section XXIII < [Anusasanika Parva]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter XCIII - Laws of virtue as promulgated by the holy Yajnavalkya < [Agastya Samhita]
Chapter CCXXXI - Expiatory Penances < [Dhanvantari Samhita]
Sankhayana-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)