Jarayuja, Jarāyuja, Jarāyujā, Jarayu-ja: 14 definitions
Jarayuja means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna
Jarāyuja (जरायुज)—One of the four Classification of Animals (paśu), according to the Vāyu Purāṇa (23.101).
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam
Jarāyujā (जरायुजा, “men, etc.”):—One of the four classes of Jīva (‘living beings’). They are endowed with the fruits of their past Karmas, wether auspicious or inauspicious. See the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa 3.13.25 (chapter on the Devī-yajña).
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Samkhya (school of philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Sāṃkhya philosophy
Jarāyuja (जरायुज) refers to “born from the womb”, eg. viviparous beings, and represents a division of human creation (mānuṣasarga or mānuṣyasarga) according to the Sāṃkhyakārikā. The mānuṣasarga is one of the three types of elemental creation, also known as bhautikasarga.
The Sāṃkhyakārikā by Iśvarakṛṣṇa is the earliest extant text of the Sāṃkhya school of philosophy and dates from the 4th century CE. It contains 72 Sanskrit verses and contents include epistemology and the theory of causation.
Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
Jarāyuja (जरायुज, “viviparous”) refers to one of the “four wombs” (yoni) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 90). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., jarāyuja). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living
Jarāyuja (जरायुज) refers to “living beings born with placenta” and represents a category of beings born by way of garbha (uterus or womb), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.31. Garbha represents one of the three types of birth (janman, method of getting born). What is the meaning of ‘born with placenta’ (jarāyuja)? The living beings born out of the uterus with a thin covering on their body are called born with placenta.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
jarāyuja (जरायुज).—a S Born from the womb, viviparous. See aṇḍaja, svēdaja, udbhijja.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Jarāyuja (जरायुज).—a. born from the womb, viviparous; Ms.1.43. and Malli. on Ku.3.42.
Jarāyuja is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms jarāyu and ja (ज).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-jaḥ-jā-jaṃ) Viviparous, born from the womb, as man and other animals. E. jarāyu the womb, ja born. jarāyau jāyate jana-ḍa .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Jarāyuja (जरायुज).—[jarāyu-ja], adj., f. jā, Born from the womb, as man and other animals, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 43.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Jarāyuja (जरायुज).—[adjective] born from the womb.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Jarāyuja (जरायुज):—[=jarāyu-ja] [from jarāyu > jara] mfn. viviparous, [Atharva-veda l, 12, 1; Manu-smṛti i, 43; Mahābhārata xiv; Suśruta; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
2) [from jarāyu-ja > jarāyu > jara] ([according to] to some in [Atharva-veda i, 12, 1 ]= ‘sprung from the womb of a cloud’, said of lightning).
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Jarāyuja (जरायुज):—(ja + ja) adj. aus Geburtshüllen —, aus einem Mutterschooss geboren [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 1, 12, 1.] so heissen die Wesen, welche lebendig geboren werden, [Amarakoṣa 3, 1, 50.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1356.] paśavaśca mṛgāścaiva vyālāścobhayatodataḥ . rakṣāṃsi ca piśācāśca manuṣyāśca jarāyujāḥ .. [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 1, 43.] [Mahābhārata 14, 1134. 1139.] [Suśruta 1, 4, 19.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 18, 32.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 9 books and stories containing Jarayuja, Jarāyuja, Jarāyujā, Jarayu-ja, Jarāyu-ja; (plurals include: Jarayujas, Jarāyujas, Jarāyujās, jas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Courses through the five destinies (pañcagati) < [The world of transmigration]
Act 5.6: Those reborn turn to the Buddha to pay homage to him < [Chapter XIV - Emission of rays]
VI. The knowledge of acquired dispositions (dhātu-jñānabala) < [Part 2 - The ten powers in particular]
Elephantology and its Ancient Sanskrit Sources (by Geetha N.)
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 24 - Mahālayeśvara (mahālaya-īśvara-liṅga) < [Section 2 - Caturaśīti-liṅga-māhātmya]
Chapter 8 - The Coming of Viṣṇu < [Section 2 - Dharmāraṇya-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 5 - Dialogue between Nārada and Sutanu < [Section 2 - Kaumārikā-khaṇḍa]
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
Chapter 6 - The Kalpas and Manvantaras: their duration < [Section 2 - Anuṣaṅga-pāda]
Philosophy of Charaka-samhita (by Asokan. G)
The theory of five physical substances (pañcabhūta-siddhānta) < [Chapter 3 - Fundamental Theories]