Jarayuja, aka: Jarayu-ja, Jarāyuja, Jarāyujā; 6 Definition(s)


Jarayuja means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


Jarāyuja (जरायुज)—One of the four Classification of Animals (paśu), according to the Vāyu Purāṇa (23.101).

(Source): Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna
Purāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Śāktism (Śākta philosophy)

Jarāyujā (जरायुजा, “men, etc.”):—One of the four classes of Jīva (‘living beings’). They are endowed with the fruits of their past Karmas, wether auspicious or inauspicious. See the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa 3.13.25 (chapter on the Devī-yajña).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam
Śāktism book cover
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Śākta (शाक्त, shakta) or Śāktism (shaktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devī) is revered and worshipped. Śākta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Sāṃkhya (school of philosophy)

Jarāyuja (जरायुज) refers to “born from the womb”, eg. viviparous beings, and represents a division of human creation (mānuṣasarga or mānuṣyasarga) according to the Sāṃkhyakārikā. The mānuṣasarga is one of the three types of elemental creation, also known as bhautikasarga.

The Sāṃkhyakārikā by Iśvarakṛṣṇa is the earliest extant text of the Sāṃkhya school of philosophy and dates from the 4th century CE. It contains 72 Sanskrit verses and contents include epistemology and the theory of causation.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Sāṃkhya philosophy
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Sāṃkhya (सांख्य, samkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (āstika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Sāṃkhya philosophy accepts three pramāṇas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakṛti (matter) and puruṣa (consciousness).

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Jarāyuja (जरायुज, “viviparous”) refers to one of the “four wombs” (yoni) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 90). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., jarāyuja). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Jarāyuja (जरायुज) refers to “living beings born with placenta” and represents a category of beings born by way of garbha (uterus or womb), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.31. Garbha represents one of the three types of birth (janman, method of getting born). What is the meaning of ‘born with placenta’ (jarāyuja)? The living beings born out of the uterus with a thin covering on their body are called born with placenta.

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

jarāyuja (जरायुज).—a S Born from the womb, viviparous. See aṇḍaja, svēdaja, udbhijja.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 399 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Dvija (द्विज).—'twice-born' 1) a man of any of the first three castes of the Hindus (a Brāhmaṇa...
Śaraja (शरज).—fresh butter. Derivable forms: śarajam (शरजम्).Śaraja is a Sanskrit compound cons...
Ja (ज).—The consonant ज् (j) with अ (a) added to it for facility of pronunciation; cf. T. Pr. I...
Jarāyu (जरायु).—n. [jarāmeti i-ñuṇ]1) The slough or cast-off skin of a serpent.2) The outer ski...
Vanāyuja (वनायुज).—a. produced in Vanāyu, (as a horse).Vanāyuja is a Sanskrit compound consisti...
Nīlaja (नीलज).—blue steel. Derivable forms: nīlajam (नीलजम्).Nīlaja is a Sanskrit compound cons...
jā-jā-yē-yē (जा-जा-ये-ये).—n f Reiterated and fruitless journeying backward and forward.
Saṃghātaja (संघातज).—a. produced by a complicated derangement of the three humours (sānnipātika...
Arkaja (अर्कज).—epithet of Karṇa, Yama, Sugrīva. (Derivable forms: arkajaḥ (अर्कजः).Arkaja is a...
Kṛmija (कृमिज).—agallochum, aloe wood. Derivable forms: kṛmijam (कृमिजम्).Kṛmija is a Sanskrit ...
Saṃkalpaja (संकल्पज).—a. produced from self-will, desire or idea of advantage; व्रतानि यमधर्माश...
Sūryaja (सूर्यज).—1) epithets of Sugrīva; योऽहं सूर्यसुतः स एष भवतां योऽयं स वत्सोऽङ्गदः (yo'ha...
Kāmaja (कामज).—a. produced by passion or desire; Ms.7.46,47,5. Kāmaja is a Sanskrit compound co...
Dravaja (द्रवज).—treacle. Derivable forms: dravajaḥ (द्रवजः).Dravaja is a Sanskrit compound con...
Anyaja (अन्यज).—a. of a different origin. Anyaja is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms...

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