Japaka, Jāpaka: 9 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Japaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Jāpaka (जापक).—A Brāhmaṇa who was constantly engaged in uttering Gāyatrī. Jāpaka was ordered to go to hell because certain mistakes were detected in the uttering of Gāyatrī. But Devī Sāvitrī intervened. She appeared before him and gave him heaven. This Jāpaka was a contemporary of Ikṣvāku. (Mahābhārata Śānti Parva, 3 Chapters from 197).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jāpaka (जापक).—a.

1) Muttering prayers.

2) belonging to the muttering of prayers; अथवा सर्वमेवेह मामकं जापकं फलम् (athavā sarvameveha māmakaṃ jāpakaṃ phalam) Mb.12.199.5.

-kaḥ A mutterer of prayers; जापकानां फलावाप्तिं श्रोतुमिच्छामि भारत । किं फलं जपतामुक्तं क्व वा तिष्ठन्ति जापकाः (jāpakānāṃ phalāvāptiṃ śrotumicchāmi bhārata | kiṃ phalaṃ japatāmuktaṃ kva vā tiṣṭhanti jāpakāḥ) Mb.12.196.3.

-kam A kind of fragrant wood.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jāpaka (जापक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Muttering prayers, one who does so. E. japa and ṇvul aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jāpaka (जापक).—i. e. jap + aka, adj. 1. Muttering prayers, Mahābhārata 12, 7153. 2. Produced by prayer, Mahābhārata 12, 7249.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jāpaka (जापक).—[adjective] muttering, whispering (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jāpaka (जापक):—[from jāpa] mfn. muttering prayers or names of a deity (in [compound])

2) [v.s. ...] m. a priest who mutters prayers, [Mahābhārata xii, 7153 f.; Bhāgavata-purāṇa ix, 6, 10; Kathāsaritsāgara lxix; Nṛsiṃha-tāpanīya-upaniṣad; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

3) [v.s. ...] relating to a muttered prayer, [Mahābhārata xii, 7249 and 7336]

4) [v.s. ...] n. [varia lectio] for jāyaka, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jāpaka (जापक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a. Idem.]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Jāpaka (जापक):—

1) (von jap) adj. subst. der flüsternd Gebete hersagt [Mahābhārata 12, 7153. fg.] —

2) (von jāpa oder japa) adj. zum flüsternd hergesagten Gebet in Beziehung stehend: phalam [Mahābhārata 12, 7249. 7336.] —

3) n. ein best. wohlriechendes Holz (v. l. jāyaka) [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 646.]

--- OR ---

Jāpaka (जापक):—

1) [Kathāsaritsāgara 69, 164.] rudra [Weber’s Indische Studien 9, 121.] mantrarāja [122.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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