Jambhaka, Jambhakā: 9 definitions


Jambhaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: archive.org: The religion and philosophy of the Veda and the Upanishads (dharmashastra)

Jambhaka (जम्भक) is the name of a deity to be invoked in a certain ritual, according to the Mānavagṛhyasūtra 2.14. Accordingly, the deity is prescribed when one suffers from possession by the Vināyakas, Śālakaṭaṅkaṭa, Kūṣmāṇḍarājaputra, Usmita and Devayajana. The Baijavāpagṛhyasūtra replaces the names of last two vināyakas with Mita and Sammita. According to R. C. Hazra in his Gaṇapati-worship, “this rite is both expiatory and propitiatory in nature and in which various things including meat and fish (both raw and cooked) and wine and cakes are to be offered”..

The gṛhya-sūtras are a branch of dharma-sūtras and refer to a category of Vedic literature dealing with domstic rites and rituals. The Mānava-gṛhya-sūtra belongs to the Kṛṣṇa-yajurveda. The Baijavāpa-gṛhya-sūtra is known only through references to it in other works (eg., Vīramitrodaya-Saṃskāra).

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (J) next»] — Jambhaka in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Jambhaka (जम्भक).—A Kṣatriya King. This King was killed in battle by Śrī Krṣṇa. He had a son who, later became King but was killed by Sahadeva in his conquest of the countries. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 31, Stanza 7).

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Jambhaka (जम्भक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.28.7) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Jambhaka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jambhaka (जम्भक).—a.

1) Eating, devouring.

2) Killing, crushing; destroying.

3) Biting, asunder.

4) Explaining, interpreting.

5) Opening, expanding.

6) Yawning.

-kaḥ 1 A lime or citron.

2) A treacherous man; साधु भो जम्भक (sādhu bho jambhaka) ! साधु (sādhu) | Dūtavākyam 1.

3) Medicinal treatment; विद्याजम्भकवार्तिकैः (vidyājambhakavārtikaiḥ) Mb.5.64.16.

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Jambhakā (जम्भका).—A yawn, gaping.

See also (synonyms): jambhā, jambhikā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Jambhaka (जम्भक).—name of a yakṣa: Mahā-Māyūrī 74. Perhaps to be identified with one of the demoniac beings so named in Sanskrit ([Boehtlingk and Roth]); and compare next.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jambhaka (जम्भक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) 1. Who or what yawns, opens, expands, &c. 2. Who or what kills or destroys. m.

(-kaḥ) A lime or citron. f.

(-kā) Yawning. E. jabhi to yawn, &c. ṇvul aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jambhaka (जम्भक).—[jambh + aka], I. adj. 1. Bruising, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 30, 9. 2. Cracking, explaining, Mahābhārata 5, 2470. Ii. m. 1. The name of certain demons, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 31, 4 Gorr. 2. The name of a spell, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 31, 9.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jambhaka (जम्भक).—[adjective] crushing, devouring (—°); [masculine] [Epithet] of cert. demons.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jambhaka (जम्भक):—[from jabh] a mfn. ([Pāṇini 7-1, 61; Kāśikā-vṛtti]) ifc. crushing, devouring, [Rāmāyaṇa i, 30, 9]

2) [v.s. ...] yawning (cf. jṛmbh), [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] m. a charm (?), [Mahābhārata v, 64, 16]

4) [v.s. ...] a demon or Name of a demon, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xxx, 16]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of Gaṇeśa, [Kathāsaritsāgara] Iv, 165

6) [v.s. ...] of a demon (conquered by Kṛṣṇa, [Mahābhārata ii, 1111]; causing, diseases, [Harivaṃśa 9557; Agni-purāṇa xl, 19]; attendant of Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.])

7) [v.s. ...] [plural] Name of several evil spirits supposed to reside in various magical weapons, [Rāmāyaṇa G. i, 31, 4 and 10]

8) [v.s. ...] (hence sg.) Name of a verse addressed to them, [i, 31, 9]

9) [v.s. ...] = bhin, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Jambhakā (जम्भका):—[from jambhaka > jabh] f. = bhā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) Jambhaka (जम्भक):—[from jambh] b See √1. jabh.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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