Jalauka: 10 definitions


Jalauka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Academia.edu: Tantric elements in Kalhaṇa’s Rājataraṅgiṇī

King Jalauka, said to be Aśoka’s son, obtains powers often attributed to tantric practices. He can transform other metals into gold thanks to a magic substance and obtains charming youth through intercourse with Nāga women. His instructor is Avadhūta, a possible double of a later siddha. The name Jalauka comes perhaps from a hephthalite name, Javūka, see A. Sanderson, “Kashmir” p. 106. (See Rājataraṅgiṇī verse 1.110)

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Charaka Samhita Text With English Tanslation P. V. Sharma

Jalaukā (जलौका) refers to “leeches”, which may be used anuśastrāṇi (accessory instruments) in certain medicinal operations, according to Carakasaṃhitā Sūtrasthāna chapter 26.—Leeches (jalaukā) born in dirty water contaminated by putrifying dead bodies of fish, frog and snake, or their excreta; those which are red, white or very black in colour; which are very active, thick and slimy, those called Indrāyudha, those which have varied lines on their back, and which are very hairy are Saviṣa (poisonous) and so should be rejected. If used they produce itching, ulceration, fever and giddiness, these (ailments) are to be treated with drugs which mitigate poison, pitta and asra (blood). Those [viz., jalaukā, ‘leeches’] born in clean water, which are blue like algae, round in shape, having blue lines in their back, rough/hard back, thin body, slightly yellowish belly are Nirviṣa (non-poisonous) (so can be used).

Application of leeches (jalaukā) mitigates diseases such as, abdominal tumor, haemorrhoids, abscess, leprosy and other skin diseases, gout, diseases of the neck and eyes, poison, visarpa (herpes?) etc.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Management of Recurrent Nasal Vestibular Furunculosis by Jalaukāvacaraṇa

Jalaukā (जलौका) refers to “leeches”, whereas jalaukā-avacaraṇa (leech therapy) is used to in the treatment of Nasārunaśikhā (“nasal furunculosis”).—(cf. Vāgbhaṭa’s Aṣṭāṅgahṛdaya Sūtrasthāna 26/47).—Jalaukā-avacaraṇa is one of the ancient and important parasurgical procedures described in Ayurveda for treatment of various diseases.—Jalaukā-avacaraṇa or leech therapy has gained greater attention globally, because of its medicinal values. The saliva of leech contains biologically active substances, which have anti-inflammatory as well as anesthetic properties.—Nasārunaśikhā (“nasal furunculosis”) was treated on the basis of treatment principles explained by Vāgbhaṭa in context of jalaukā-avacaraṇa. According to Vāgbhaṭa, pain and redness at the site of inflammation decreases radically followed by jalaukā-avacaraṇa due to letting out of vitiated rakta (blood).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Jalauka (जलौक).—It is not impossible that Aśoka had a Kaśmirian woman among his queens: the Rājataraṅgiṇī, I.108 sq., knows of a Jalauka, son of Aśoka, who reigned in Kaśmir.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jalaukā (जलौका).—f S A leech.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

jalaukā (जलौका).—f A leech.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jalaukā (जलौका).—f.

(-kā) A leech. E. See the preceding; also jalokā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jalauka (जलौक).—i. e. jala-oka, m. and f. , A leech, [Suśruta] 1, 112, 6; 1, 39, 14.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jalauka (जलौक).—([masculine]), ā [feminine] leech.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jalauka (जलौक):—[from jala] m. = kasa, [Suśruta i, 29, 79]

2) Jalaukā (जलौका):—[from jalauka > jala] f. idem, [Mahābhārata xii, 3306; Suśruta i, 13; ii, 3; Skanda-purāṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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