Jahnu; 8 Definition(s)


Jahnu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

1) Jahnu (जह्नु):—Son of Hotraka (son of Kāñcana). He drank all the water of the Ganges in one sip. He had a son named Puru. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.15.2-4)

2) Jahnu (जह्नु):—One of the four sons of Kuru (son of Saṃvaraṇa and his wife Tapatī) who was king of Kurukṣetra. He had a son named Suratha. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.4-5, 9.22.9)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Jahnu (जह्नु).—A hermit King born in the family of Pūru. Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu in the following order:—Brahmā—Atri—Candra—Budha—Purūravas—Āyus—Nahuṣa—Yayāti—Pūru—Janamejaya—Prācinvān -Pravīra—Namasyu—Vītabhaya—Śuṇḍu—Bahuvidha -Saṃyāti—Rahovādi—Raudrāśva—Matināra—Santurodha—Duṣyanta—Bharata—Suhotra—Bṛhatputra -Ajamīḍha—Jahnu.

Ajamīḍha had three wives, Dhūminī, Nīlī and Keśinī. Ṛkṣa was born from Dhūminī, Duṣyanta and Parameṣṭhi from Nīlī and Jahnu from Keśinī. The descendants of Jahnu are called the Kuśikas. Jahnu handed over his kingdom to his son Balākāśva and went to perform penance. Kuśika was the son of Balākāśva. Drank up the river Ganges. The river Gaṅgā, which flowed through the earth in accordance with the request of Bhagīratha, submerged the hermitage of Jahnu. Jahnu became angry at this haughtiness of Gaṅgā and drank up the river, but at the entreaty of Bhagīratha pushed Gaṅgādevī out through his ear. (See under Gaṅgā). From that day onwards Gaṅgā got the name Jāhnavī. (See full article at Story of Jahnu from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Jahnu (जह्नु).—A son of Kuru.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 23.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Jahnu (जह्नु).—While flowing to the netherworld, Gaṅgā floods the hermitage of Sage Jahnu. The furious sage, on seeing this ravage caused by the haughty river, drank all the water. Again, Bhagīratha undertook penance to please the sage and prays him to release the river water for the realization of his aim. The latter releases her through his right ear.

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (purāṇa)

Jahnu (जह्नु) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.89.28) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Jahnu) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Jahnu (जह्नु) is depicted as a sculpture on the fourth pillar of the southern half of the maṇḍapa of the temple of Lokeśvara.—These events are illustrated in two sections. The episode of sage Jahnu releasing the river goddess Gaṅgā through his right ear opening is very finely interpreted in the right portion of the panel. By the side of the sage is a tree under which he is sitting, holding kamaṇḍalu, pot, in his left hand. Probably, he is drinking water of Gaṅgā with his kamaṇḍalu, water pot, letting her out through his right ear. Our identification of the water is based on the presence of swimming fishes in the curves, starting right from the right ear of the sage, flowing below the bent right leg of Bhagīratha, up to the left shoulder of the river goddess.

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śilpa)
Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jahnu (जह्नु).—Name of an ancient king, son of Suhotra, who adopted the river Gaṅgā as his daughter. [The river Ganges, when brought down from heaven by the austerities of Bhagīratha, was forced to flow over earth to follow him to the lower regions. In its course it inundated the sacrificial ground of king Jahnu, who being angry drank up its waters. But the gods and sages, and particularly Bhagīratha, appeased his anger, and he consented to discharge those waters from his ears. The river is therefore regarded as his daughter, and is styled जाह्नवी, जह्नुतनया, -कन्या, -सुता, -नन्दिनी (jāhnavī, jahnutanayā, -kanyā, -sutā, -nandinī) &c.; cf. R.8.95. जह्नोः कन्यां सगरतनयस्वर्गसोपान- पङ्क्तिम् (jahnoḥ kanyāṃ sagaratanayasvargasopāna- paṅktim) Me.52.

-saptamī The seventh day of the bright half of Vaiśākha.]

Derivable forms: jahnuḥ (जह्नुः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jahnu (जह्नु).—m.

(-hnuḥ) 1. The name of a king or saint, son of Kuru: see the next. 2. A name of Vishnu. E. to abandon, (the world for devotion.) nu Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 30 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Jahnuvaṃśa (जह्नुवंश) refers to royal dynasty (vaṃśa) of kings (rājan) descended from the Candr...
Kuru (कुरु).—m. = Uttara-kuru; see s.v. dvīpa.--- OR --- Kuru (कुरु).—nt. (= Sanskrit Lex. id.)...
Gaṅgā (गङ्गा) is the name of a river (nadī) and mentioned as one of the seven holy Gaṅgas (sapt...
Arjuna (अर्जुन).—(1) n. of a king of Hastināpura (= Pali Ajjuna; identified with Arjuna Kārtav...
Aja (अज) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Ajakī forms one of th...
Jāhnavī (जाह्नवी) is the name of a sacred river as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 1.12, “somehow m...
Balākā (बलाका).—f. (-kā) A sort of crane. E. bala strength, ak to go, aff. ac; it is preferably...
Udayana (उदयन).—n. (-naṃ) Rising, ascending. m. (-naḥ) 1. A name of Agastya: see agastya. 2. Th...
Viśvāmitra (विश्वामित्र).—m. (-traḥ) A Muni, the son of Gad'Hi, originally of the military orde...
Janamejaya (जनमेजय).—m. (-yaḥ) 1. The name of a king, son and successor to Parik- Shit. 2. A so...
Bhīṣma (भीष्म).—(1) nt., n. of some (heavenly) flower (compare mahābhīṣma, which regularly fol...
Sārvabhauma (सार्वभौम) or Sārvvabhauma.—mfn. (-maḥ-mī-maṃ) Relating to or consisting of the who...
Keśinī (केशिनी).—n. of a rākṣasī: SP 400.5; Māy 240.23; (presumably the same) n. of a Buddhist ...
Kaurava (कौरव) is the name of a country classified as Kādi (a type of Tantrik division), accord...
Abhimanyu (अभिमन्यु).—m. (-nyuḥ) The son of Arjuna by Subhadra. E. abhi and mana wrath.

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