Jahatsvartha, Jahatsvārthā, Jahat-svartha: 7 definitions


Jahatsvartha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous next»] — Jahatsvartha in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Jahatsvārthā (जहत्स्वार्था).—(वृत्ति (vṛtti)) a composite expression where the constituent members give up their individual sense. In compound words such as राजपुरुष (rājapuruṣa) in the sentence राजपुरुषमा-नय (rājapuruṣamā-naya) the word राजन् (rājan) gives up its sense in as much as he, the king,-is not brought; पुरुष (puruṣa) also gives up its sense as every man is not brought. It is of course to be noted that although the sense is given up by cach word, it is not completely given up: cf जहदप्यसेो स्वार्थ नात्यन्ताय जहाति (jahadapyaseो svārtha nātyantāya jahāti); M. Bh. on P. II. 1.1. Vart. 2. For detailed explanation see Mahabhasya on P. II. I. I. Vart. 2.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Jahatsvartha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jahatsvārthā (जहत्स्वार्था).—a kind of लक्षणा (lakṣaṇā) (also called lakṣaṇalakṣaṇā) in which a word loses its primary sense, but is used in one which is in some way connected with the primary sense; e. g. in the familiar instance गङ्गायां घोषः (gaṅgāyāṃ ghoṣaḥ) 'a hamlet on the Ganges', गङ्गा (gaṅgā) loses its primary sense and means गङ्गातट (gaṅgātaṭa); cf. अजहत्स्वार्था (ajahatsvārthā) also.

2) irony.

Jahatsvārthā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms jahat and svārthā (स्वार्था). See also (synonyms): jahallakṣaṇā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jahatsvārthā (जहत्स्वार्था).—f. (rthā) The use of a word in a sense different from its ordinary one. E. jahat, and svārtha own meaning. jahan svārthaḥ yām . lakṣaṇābhede .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jahatsvārtha (जहत्स्वार्थ):—[=jahat-svārtha] [from jahat > jaha] mf(ā)n. ‘losing its original meaning’

2) Jahatsvārthā (जहत्स्वार्था):—[=jahat-svārthā] [from jahat-svārtha > jahat > jaha] f. ([scilicet] vṛtti) = hal-lakṣaṇā, [Pāṇini 2-1, 1], [vArttika] 2, [Patañjali; Sāhitya-darpaṇa ii, 7/8] cf. a-.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jahatsvārthā (जहत्स्वार्था):—[jahat-svārthā] (rthā) 1. f. An uncommon meaning of any word.

[Sanskrit to German]

Jahatsvartha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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