Jaghanya: 12 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Jaghanya means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Jaghany.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Jaghanya (जघन्य, “least”) refers to a classification of a śrāvaka (laymen), based on his progress through the pratimās, according to Āśādhara. Jaghanya refers to the first to six pratimās, also known as a Gṛhin.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jaghanya (जघन्य).—a (S) Low, vile, base. 2 Publicly known. 3 S Last or hindmost. 4 Used laxly as s n Publicity (of deeds bad or foolish), notoriety. jaghanyānta yēṇēṃ To become publicly known;--esp. a bad or foolish matter.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

jaghanya (जघन्य).—a Low, vile, base. Last. Publicly known. n Publicity.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jaghanya (जघन्य).—a. [jaghane bhavaḥ yat]

1) Hindmost, last; Bg.14. 18; Ms.8.27. -मन्ये जघन्यस्य महीधरस्य शृङ्गाणि कालयस- निर्मितानि (manye jaghanyasya mahīdharasya śṛṅgāṇi kālayasa- nirmitāni) | Rām. Ch.4.16.

2) Worst, vilest, base, lowest, censurable; जघन्यगुणः (jaghanyaguṇaḥ) Bhāg.14.18.

3) Of low origin or rank.

-nyaḥ A Śudra.

-nyam The penis.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaghanya (जघन्य).—mfn.

(-nyaḥ-nyā-nyaṃ) 1. Last, hindmost. 2. Low, vile, base. 3. Worst, vilest, lowest. n.

(-nyaṃ) The penis. m.

(-nyaḥ) A Sudra or man of the fourth tribe. E. jaghana tke loins, &c. and yat aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaghanya (जघन्य).—i. e. jaghana + ya, adj., f. . 1. Last, Mahābhārata 3, 1366. 2. Late, Mahābhārata 12, 4794. 3. Shortest, [Suśruta] 1, 125, 5. 4. Indifferent, [Suśruta] 1, 95, 14. 5. Lowest, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 270; [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 218. 6. Comparat. jaghanyatara, Lower, Mahābhārata 14, 1137. 7. ºyam, adv. At last, Mahābhārata 3, 905. 8. loc. ye, adverbially, At last, Mahābhārata 3, 1303; Behind, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 3087.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaghanya (जघन्य).—[adjective] hindmost, last, latest, lowest.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jaghanya (जघन्य):—[from jaghana] mf(ā)n. ([gana] dig-ādi; in [compound] [Pāṇini 2-1, 58]; ifc. [gana] vargyādi) hindmost, last, latest, [Atharva-veda vii, 74, 2; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] lowest, worst, vilest, least, least important, [Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] of low origin or rank, (m.) man of the lowest class, [Harivaṃśa 5817; Rāmāyaṇa ii; Pañcatantra; Bhāgavata-purāṇa vii, 11, 17]

4) [v.s. ...] m. Name of the attendant of the model man Mālavya, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā lxix, 31 ff.]

5) [v.s. ...] n. the penis, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaghanya (जघन्य):—[(nyaḥ-nyā-nyaṃ) a.] Last; worst. n. The penis. m. A sudra.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Jaghanya (जघन्य):—1. (von jaghana) adj. = jaghanamiva hüftenartig gaṇa śākhādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 3, 103.]

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Jaghanya (जघन्य):—2. (wie eben)

1) adj. f. ā der hinterste, letzte; späteste; geringste, unbedeutendste, schlechteste gaṇa digādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 3, 54.] [Amarakoṣa 3, 2, 30. 3, 4, 24, 161.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1459.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 489.] [Medinīkoṣa y. 82.] am Anfange eines comp. vor seinem subst. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 1, 58.] Accent eines auf jaghanya ausgehenden comp. gaṇa vargyādi zu. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 2, 131.] jyeṣṭhaprathamāḥ kaniṣṭhajaghanyāḥ [ĀŚV. GṚHY. 4, 2. 4.] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 7, 74, 2.] [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 16, 32.] ja.ha.yā rātriḥ saṃvatsa.asya [Taittirīyabrāhmaṇa 1, 1, 2, 8.] kumāraṃ jātaṃ jaghanyā vāgāviśati zuletzt [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 3, 2.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 1, 4, 1, 16. 4, 6, 9, 11.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 3, 8, 26.] [LĀṬY. 8, 4, 8. 9, 7, 7. 10, 9, 4.] [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 80. 81.] tatra dyūtamabhavanno jaghanyam [Mahābhārata 3, 1366.] jaghanye kāla āgate [12, 4794. 5324.] jaghanyarātre am Ende der Nacht [3, 10795. 14750.] rāmasteṣāṃ (putrāṇāṃ) jaghanyo bhūdajaghanyairguṇairyutaḥ [1, 2612.] jaghanyāyuṣo jñānam geringste, kürzeste [Suśruta 1, 125, 5.] kārin etwas Unbedeutendes thuend [95, 14.] vijaya niedrigste, gemeinste [Mahābhārata 6, 149.] prakṛti [2, 1451.] buddhiśreṣṭhāni, bāhumadhyāni, jaṅghājaghanyāni karmāṇi [5, 1257. 12, 4191.] guṇa = tamas [14, 999.] [Bhagavadgītā 14, 18.] prabhava adj. [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 270.] tāmasī gatiḥ [12, 42.] rājasī gatiḥ [45.] bhāva das Untergeordnetsein [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 63.] (kaccit) jaghanyāśca jaghanyeṣu bhṛtyāḥ karmasu yojitāḥ [Mahābhārata 2, 177.] von niederer Herkunft, Einer aus dem gemeinen Volke, = śūdra [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 365. 366.] purīṃ śūnyāmimāṃ vīra jaghanyaiḥ pīḍayanti naḥ [Harivaṃśa 5817.] [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 104, 27.] [Pañcatantra III, 218. 219.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 7, 11. 17.] compar. jaghanyatara niedriger, geringer: janma dvitīyamityetajjaghanyataramucyate [Mahābhārata 14, 1137.] jaghanyam adv. hinterher, zuletzt [Mahābhārata 3, 905. 906.] [Rāmāyaṇa] [Gorresio 2, 112, 31.] jaghanyatas dass. [Mahābhārata 4, 994.] [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 40, 5.] jaghanye dass. [Mahābhārata 3, 1303. fg. 5, 4506.] jaghanye kar im Rücken lassen: jaghanye vanaṃ kṛtvā [Harivaṃśa 3087.] jaghanyaśāyin sich zuletzt schlafen legend [Mahābhārata 12, 8840.] —

2) m. Name des Dieners des Mālavya, eines der unter gewissen Constellationen geborenen 5 Fürsten, [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 69, 31. 33. 34.] —

3) n. penis [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] (lies: mehane st. hemale).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Jaghanya (जघन्य):——

1) Adj. (f. ā) — a) der hinterste , letzte , späteste. jaghanyatas von hinten [Rāmāyaṇa 6,7,35.45,22.29.] jaghanyam , jaghanyatas und jaghanye hinterher , zuletzt. jaghanye (v.l. pṛṣṭhataḥ) kar im Rücken lassen. — b) der geringste , niedrigste , gemeinste , unbedeutendste , schlechteste ; von niederer Herkunft , Einer aus dem gemeinen Volke. jaghanyatara niedriger , geringer.

2) m. Nomen proprium der Dieners des Mālavya (eines der fünf Wundermenschen). —

3) *n. penis.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Jaghanya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Jaghanya (जघन्य) [Also spelled jaghany]:—(a) low; detestable, abominable; heinous; hence ~[] (nf).

context information

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