Issarasamanarama, Issarasamanārāma: 1 definition



Issarasamanarama means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (I) next»] — Issarasamanarama in Theravada glossary
Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

One of the monasteries at Anuradhapura. It was built by Devanampiyatissa on the spot where the prince Arittha dwelt with his five hundred followers after having received their ordination from Mahinda (Mhv.xx.14; xix.66). The building of this monastery was the seventh of the great tasks performed by Devanampiyatissa (Mhv.xx.20).

One of the eight saplings from the Bodhi tree at Anuradhapura was planted at Issarasamanarama (Mhv.xix.61; Mbv.162).

Candamukha Siva built a tank near Manikaragamaka and gave it for the use of the vihara (Mhv.xxxv.47), while Vasabha built in the monastery an uposatha hall (Mhv.xxxv.87) and Voharaka Tissa constructed a wall round it (Mhv.xxxvi.36). Kassapa I. restored the buildings and enlarged the grounds. He also bought villages which he presented to the monastery for its maintenance. He had two daughters, Bodhi and Uppalavanna, and he gave their names and his own to the vihara. When the king wished to hand over the vihara to the Theravada monks they refused to accept it, fearing the reproach of the people that it was the work of a parricide. Then the king dedicated it to the image of the Buddha and the monks accepted it saying that it belonged to their Master (Cv.xxxix.10-14; see also below).

According to the Mahavamsa Tika (pp. 407 and 652), the vihara was also called Kassapagiri, probably after its restoration by Kassapa I., mentioned above. See also Kassapagiri. See also Cv. Trs.i.43, n.7, and Ep. Zeyl. i.31ff., where the vihara is called Isuramenu-.Bo Upulvan Kasubgiri in an inscription of Mahinda IV.

It had originally been called Issarasamana because of its association with the five hundred noblemen (issaradaraka) who joined the Order with Arittha (MT.416). The Tika adds (607) that Saliya, son of Dutthagamani, enlarged the vihara out of the tribute brought to him by the men of his tributary villages to the south of Anuradhapura. He used to observe the uposatha on fast days at the vihara and spend the day in the Mahindaguha there.

In the Samantapasadika (i.100) the vihara is called Issaranimmana.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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