Ishvari, Īśvarī: 14 definitions
Ishvari means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Īśvarī can be transliterated into English as Isvari or Ishvari, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
1) Īśvarī (ईश्वरी):—One of the sixty-four Divyauṣadhi, which are powerful drugs for solidifying mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).
2) Īśvarī (ईश्वरी):—One of the sixty-eight Rasauṣadhi, very powerful drugs known to be useful in alchemical processes related to mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).
3) Īśvarī (ईश्वरी):—One of the sixty-eight Siddhauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs give siddhi (success) in mercurial operations. Even so, they are more powerful than rasa (mercury) itself. These may perform all the kāryas (‘effects’) and grant dehasiddhi (‘perfection of body’) and lohasiddhi (‘transmutation of base metals’) both.
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Ṣaṭsāhasra-saṃhitā
Īśvarī (ईश्वरी):—One of the twelve guṇas associated with Piṇḍa, the seventh seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra. According to tantric sources such as the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the Gorakṣasaṃhitā (Kādiprakaraṇa), these twelve guṇas are represented as female deities. According to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā however, they are explained as particular syllables. They (e.g. Īśvarī) only seem to play an minor role with regard to the interpretation of the Devīcakra (first of five chakras, as taught in the Kubjikāmata-tantra).
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Īśvarī (ईश्वरी, “ruler, mistress”):—Name of one of the sixty-four mātṛs to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”, or “Durgā’s Retinue”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva. They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.
Her mantra is as follows:
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
ॐ ईश्वर्यै नमः
oṃ īśvaryai namaḥ.
Īśvarī (ईश्वरी) or Īśvarīgranthi refers to the “Knot of Viṣṇu” and represents one of the “sixteen knots” (granthi), according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “(1) The Knot called Ananta, which is HAṂSA, should be placed (on the body). It is at the middle toe of the sixteen parts (of the body). The Knot of Time is below the ankle. [...] (15) Īśvarī is in the cavity (between) the eyebrows and (16) the one called Sadāśiva (sādākhyā) is in the Sound (nāda). And Vāgbhava (AIṂ) is above the Triple Fort (trikoṭi). [...]”.
The sixteen Knots [i.e., īśvarī-granthi] are parts of the goddess’s body. Accordingly, they are projected into the adept’s body to transform it into the Triple Fort, that is, the triangular body of the goddess replete with the energies of the sacred seats. She is both with form, consisting of the letters and mantras, and without form as the Transmental (manonmanī) energy of the god.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Īśvarī (ईश्वरी) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “Indian birthwort”, a species of creep plant from the Aristolochiaceae (Birthwort) family of flowering plants. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. It is also known as Garalikā. The official botanical name is either Aristolochia indica. The Sanskrit word Īśvarī means “queen”. It is derived from Īśvara, which means “able to do” or “capable of”, but in a different context refers to “lord”, “king” or “God”.
This plant is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant has the synonym Rasona. In this work, the plant is given the name Nākulī.Source: archive.org: Science And Technology In Medievel India (Ayurveda)
Īśvarī (ईश्वरी) or Īśvarīkalpa is the name of a chapter of the Kalpalatā, as mentioned in A. Rahman’s Science and Technology in Medievel India: A bibliography of source materials in Sanskrit, Arabic and Persian.—Ancient and medieval India produced a wide range of scientific manuscripts and major contributions lie in the field of medicine, astronomy and mathematics, besides covering encyclopedic glossaries and technical dictionaries.—The Kalpalatā deals with the preparation of medicine [e.g., Īśvarī-kalpa] from various plants.Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
1) Īśvarī (ईश्वरी) is another name for Liṅginī, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 3.45-47 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Īśvarī and Liṅginī, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.
2) Īśvarī (ईश्वरी) is also mentioned as a synonym for Vandhyākarkoṭakī, a medicinal plant identified with Momordica dioica (spiny gourd) from the Cucurbitaceae or “gourd family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.61-63.
3) Īśvarī (ईश्वरी) is also mentioned as a synonym for Rudrajaṭā, a medicinal plant identified with Aristolochia indica (Indian birthwort or duck flower) from the Aristolochiaceae or “birthwort family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.79-81.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Īśvarī (ईश्वरी).—A kalā of Viṣṇu.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 35. 95.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition
Īśvarī (ईश्वरी) refers to:—Queen, mistress or goddess. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
īśvarī (ईश्वरी).—a (S) Relating to īśvara or the Supreme Being, divine. 2 This word, in agreement with the Hebrew idiom, is employed (although not with all amplitude) to express Great, large, much, many, superexcellent, superlative, transcendent &c. See īśvarīānanda, īśvarīnāśa, īśvarī- bala, īśvarīlābha, īśvarīsōhaḷā. This use, which is pure and classical, must not be confounded with that use condemned under īśvara.
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īśvarī (ईश्वरी).—f (S) A general name for the śakti or female energies of the deities, a name for duragā, lakṣmī, sarasvatī &c.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] Goddess Pārvati, wife of Śiva.
2) [noun] the creeper Aristolochia indica of Aristolochiaceae family; Indian birthwort; serpent root.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+24): Ishvariananda, Ishvaribala, Ishvariballi, Ishvariberu, Ishvaribhagavatistotra, Ishvaribhavana, Ishvariceshta, Ishvaridatta, Ishvaridenem, Ishvarigadi, Ishvarigranthi, Ishvarijiva, Ishvarikala, Ishvarikalpa, Ishvarikar, Ishvarikarani, Ishvarikautuka, Ishvarikri, Ishvarikshobha, Ishvarilabha.
Ends with (+44): Adhishvari, Aghoreshvari, Aishvari, Bhadreshvari, Bhuvaneshvari, Cakreshvari, Caleshvari, Candeshvari, Candikeshvari, Carcikeshvari, Careshvari, Chakreshvari, Chandikeshvari, Dhaneshvari, Dhatrishvari, Dhishvari, Ganeshvari, Gattada-ishvari, Griheshvari, Guhyeshvari.
Full-text (+33): Ishvara, Cakreshvari, Ishvariberu, Isaraballi, Ishvaraberu, Ishvaraballi, Ishvaravalli, Ishvariballi, Ishvarivalli, Ishvaritantra, Kapateshvari, Ishvarikri, Nakulivagishvarimantravidhana, Gattada-ishvari, Raseshvari, Kaumari, Dodda-ishvari-balli, Vagishvari, Vagishvaristotra, Vagishvaridatta.
Search found 19 books and stories containing Ishvari, Īśvarī, Isvari, Īśvari; (plurals include: Ishvaris, Īśvarīs, Isvaris, Īśvaris). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Cidgaganacandrika (study) (by S. Mahalakshmi)
Verse 29 [Īśvari leads Siddhā and Sādhaka to Cidākāśa] < [Chapter 2 - Second Vimarśa]
Verse 47 [Īśvara and Jīva Bhāvas] < [Chapter 2 - Second Vimarśa]
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verse 2.21.39 < [Chapter 21 - The Rāsa-dance Pastime]
Verse 1.12.27 < [Chapter 12 - Description of Śrī Nanda’s Festival]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Verse 1.3.64 < [Chapter 3 - Prapañcātīta (beyond the Material Plane)]
Verse 2.4.178 < [Chapter 4 - Vaikuṇṭha (the spiritual world)]
Verse 2.4.165 < [Chapter 4 - Vaikuṇṭha (the spiritual world)]
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 351 - Greatness of Kauraveśvarī (Kaurava-īśvarī) < [Section 1 - Prabhāsa-kṣetra-māhātmya]
Chapter 287 - Greatness of Ajāpāleśvarī (Ajāpāla-īśvarī) < [Section 1 - Prabhāsa-kṣetra-māhātmya]
Chapter 348 - Greatness of Nāradeśvarī (Nārada-īśvarī) < [Section 1 - Prabhāsa-kṣetra-māhātmya]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 3: Metals, Gems and other substances (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Early Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)