Ishtakarman, Iṣṭakarma, Iṣṭakarman, Ishtakarma, Ishta-karman, Ishta-karma: 7 definitions

Introduction:

Ishtakarman means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Iṣṭakarma and Iṣṭakarman can be transliterated into English as Istakarma or Ishtakarma or Istakarman or Ishtakarman, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Ishtakarman in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Indian National Science Academy: Annual Report 2015-16 (astronomy)

Iṣṭakarma (इष्टकर्म) refers to “method with assumed quantity”, as explained in the Kriyākramakarī: a [16th-century] Sanskrit work on mathematics written by Śaṅkara and Nārāyaṇa.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Iṣṭakarman (इष्टकर्मन्) or “regular falsi” refers to “rule of supposition”, according to the principles of pāṭīgaṇita (“science of calculation which requires the use of writing material—the board”), according to Pṛthudakasvāmī’s commentary on the Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta by Brahmagupta, a Sanskrit treatise on ancient Indian mathematics (gaṇita-śāstra) and astronomy from the 7th century.—The rule of false position is found in all the Hindu works. Bhāskara II gives prominence to the method and calls it iṣṭakarma (“rule of supposition”).

Bhāskara II in the Līlāvatī: “Any number, assumed at pleasure, is treated as specified in the particular question, being multiplied and divided, increased or diminished by fractions (of itself); then the given quantity, being multiplied by the assumed number and divided by that (which has been found) yields the number sought. This is called the process of supposition”—[Gaṇeśa’s commentary]—“In this method, multiplication, division, and fractions only are employed”.

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ishtakarman in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

Iṣṭakarma (इष्टकर्म).—n S In arithmetic. The rule of supposition or position: also the working by such rule.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ishtakarman in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Iṣṭakarman (इष्टकर्मन्).—n. (In Arith.) rule of supposition, operation with an assumed number.

Iṣṭakarman is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms iṣṭa and karman (कर्मन्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Iṣṭakarman (इष्टकर्मन्):—[=iṣṭa-karman] [from iṣṭa > iṣ] n. (in [arithmetic]) rule of supposition, operation with an assumed number.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Iṣṭakarman (इष्टकर्मन्):—[iṣṭa-karman] (rmma) 1. n. The rule of position in arithmetic.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ishtakarman in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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