Ishani, Īśānī, Iṣaṇi: 12 definitions
Ishani means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Īśānī and Iṣaṇi can be transliterated into English as Isani or Ishani, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Īśānī (ईशानी):—Last of the eight Mātṛs born from the body of Khecarī, according to the Kubjikāmatatantra. These eight sub-manifestations (mātṛ), including Īśānī, represent the eight directions of the compass (from east to north-east) and are presided over by the Bhairava Saṃvarta and his consort Rudrāṇī. Khecarī is the first of the Eight Mahāmātṛs, residing within the Mātṛcakra (third of the five cakras) and represents the element ether or space.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Īśānī (ईशानी) refers to one of the “nine Durgās” (Navadurgā), participating in Vīrabhadra campaign against Dakṣa, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.33. Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“Mahākālī went ahead for the destruction of Dakṣa accompanied by nine Durgās [viz., Īśānī]. Eager in executing the command of Śiva, they accompanied the marching heroes—Ḍākinī, Śākinī, Bhūtas, Pramathas, Guhyakas, Kūṣmāṇḍas, Parpaṭas, Caṭakas, Brahma-Rākṣasas, Bhairavas and Kṣetrapālas and set out quickly for the destruction of Dakṣa’s sacrifice”.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Īśānī (ईशानी).—A name of Yoga Māyā; a Śakti.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 2. 12; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 84.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Īśānī (ईशानी) [=Īśāna?] refers to the “north-eastern” (direction), according to the Devyāmata (chapter 105).—Accordingly, [while describing the layout of the residence (gṛha) for the prāsādāśramin]—“[...] The residence for those who come to the temple is described in due sequence. In the southeast is the kitchen. In the northeast (īśānī—īśānyāṃ) is the space for worship. [...]”.
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Biology (plants and animals)
Ishani in India is the name of a plant defined with Prosopis cineraria in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Adenanthera aculeata (Roxb.) W. Hunter (among others).
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· Fl. Pres. Madras (1919)
· Systema Naturae, ed. 10
· Systema Naturae, ed. 12 (1767)
· Darwiniana (1940)
· Asiatic Researches, or ‘Transactions of the Society’ (1795)
· Species Plantarum (1762)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Ishani, for example health benefits, chemical composition, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, side effects, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
īśānī (ईशानी).—f North-east quarter.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) Sending, despatching.
2) Wish, desire, impulse.
Derivable forms: iṣaṇiḥ (इषणिः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Iṣaṇi (इषणि):—[from iṣ] See iṣan, p. 168, col. 3.
2) Īśānī (ईशानी):—[from īśāna > īś] f. the silk-cotton tree, Bombax Heptaphyllum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
1) Isāṇī (इसाणी) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Aiśānī.
2) Īsāṇī (ईसाणी) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Aiśānī.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Īśāni (ಈಶಾನಿ):—[noun] Goddess Pārvati, the consort of Śiva.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Ishanin.
Ends with: Aishani, Avrishani, Bhishani, Dishani, Grinishani, Hastivishani, Karishani, Kubjishani, Maheshani, Nishani, Pretishani, Prishani, Strinishani, Tarishani, Traishani, Turamgadvishani, Turangadvishani, Upastrinishani, Vishani, Vrishani.
Full-text: Aishani, Ishanya, Maheshani, Ishana, Ishan, Lokapala, Navadurga, Khecari.
Search found 10 books and stories containing Ishani, Īśānī, Isani, Iṣaṇi, Isāṇī, Īsāṇī, Īśāni; (plurals include: Ishanis, Īśānīs, Isanis, Iṣaṇis, Isāṇīs, Īsāṇīs, Īśānis). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Rig Veda 2.2.9 < [Sukta 2]
Rig Veda 6.1.8 < [Sukta 1]
Settlement in Early Historic Ganga Plain (by Chirantani Das)
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 33 - The March of Vīrabhadra < [Section 2.2 - Rudra-saṃhitā (2): Satī-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 6 - The Principles of Śiva cult (2) < [Section 7.1 - Vāyavīya-saṃhitā (1)]
The Agni Purana (by N. Gangadharan)
Chapter 146 - Names of different Goddesses
Chapter 178 - Vows observed on the third lunar day
Chapter 105 - Mode of worship of the presiding deity of a place
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Chapter 12 - On the origin of Gaṅgā < [Book 9]
Chapter 2 - On the origin of Prakṛti and Puruṣa < [Book 9]
Chapter 13 - On the account of Bhrāmarī Devī < [Book 10]
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 119 - Greatness of Balātibaladaityaghnī (Bala-Atibala-daitya-ghnī) < [Section 1 - Prabhāsa-kṣetra-māhātmya]
Chapter 72 - Victory of Durgā < [Section 2 - Uttarārdha]
Chapter 9 - The Rise of Bhava < [Section 2 - Vastrāpatha-kṣetra-māhātmya]