Indivaraksha, Indīvarākṣa: 2 definitions


Indivaraksha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Indīvarākṣa can be transliterated into English as Indivaraksa or Indivaraksha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (I) next»] — Indivaraksha in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Indīvarākṣa (इन्दीवराक्ष).—A Gandharva. He was the son of Nalanābha, the chief of the Vidyādharas. There is a story about this Gandharva in Mārkaṇḍeya Purāṇa, Chapter 60:—

Indīvarākṣa went to the sage Brahmamitra to learn Āyurveda. For some unknown reason, the sage did not teach him. Indīvarākṣa decided to learn by overhearing what the guru taught the other pupils from a hiding place. In six months' time he learnt Āyurveda. Overjoyed at the thought that he was able to acquire as much learning in this science as the other pupils, within such a short time, and oblivious of his surroundings, he laughed loudly. The guru who understood the secret, uttered a curse that he would become a Rākṣasa within seven days. The repentant Indīvarākṣa begged for his pardon. Then the sage told him that he would be restored to his own form and give up the Rākṣasa shape when he was shot with arrows by his own children.

Once when he approached his daughter Manoramā to devour her, his son-in law, Svarocis who had learnt the science of archery from that girl, defeated him. In this way, Indīvarākṣa got his own former form. After that he taught Svarocis, the sciences of archery which he had learnt from his own daughter and also from Brahmamitra.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (I) next»] — Indivaraksha in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Indīvarākṣa (इन्दीवराक्ष) is the son of the Cakravartin (emperor) named Viśvāntara, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 113. Accordingly, as Kaśyapa said to Naravāhanadatta: “... and the sovereign named Viśvāntara, who was emperor here, he too, when his son, Indīvarākṣa, had been slain by Vasantatilaka, the King of Cedi, for seducing his wife, being wanting in self-control, died on account of the distracting sorrow which he felt for the death of his wicked son”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Indīvarākṣa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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