Indhana, Imdhana: 23 definitions

Introduction:

Indhana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Indhana (इन्धन) refers to “twigs” (used for the fire), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.19. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] then I began to consider proper means whereby I could see the face. Afflicted much by the cupid, I pitched upon the production of airful smoke as the means thereof. I put many wet twigs (ārdra-indhana) into the fire. Only very little ghee did I pour into the fire. Much smoke arose out of the fire from the wet twigs, so much so that darkness enveloped the whole altar ground (and the neighbourhood)”

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Indhana (इन्धन) refers to one of the various kinds of articles used for donation, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the tenth chapter contains the praise and classification of donations. It narrates the characteristics of proper recipients and the results of giving different kinds of articles like Bhūmi, Vidyā, Anna, Jala, Tila, Vāsa, Dīpa, Yāna, Śayyā, Dhānya, Aśva, Śāka, Indhana, Chatra, Auṣadha, Go, etc.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Indhana (इन्धन) refers to “(being) fueled” (with holy wood), according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 6.9-15ab]—“[...] He [who is ill] quickly escapes from death. My speech is true and not false. According to the rules for the great protection [rite, the Mantrin] should make an oblation in the name of [the afflicted] into a fire fueled with holy wood (puṇyadāru-indhana). [This fire burns] in a round pot [adorned] with three girdles. [The mantrin] uses sesame seeds soaked in ghee and milk [mixed] together with white sugar. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Indhana in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Indhana (इन्धन) refers to the “fuel” (of a flame), according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] That which [the Yogin] sees is gradually extinguished even as he looks at it, and also what he smells as he smells it, what he tastes as he tastes it, the agreeable sounding sounds as he hears them and what he touches as he touches it, and so also in due course the mind, like a flame without fuel (nir-indhana-śikhā), of the true Yogin who has reached the domain of the reality of that state which is called Non-duality. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Indhana (इन्धन) refers to “kindling” (i.e., twigs used for fire), according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 41).—Accordingly, “[According to the Sarvāstivādin].—[...] Thus, the fire that was extinguished yesterday can today give rise to a memory, but it is impossible that this fire be revived by virtue of this memory. If I see that someone is gathering kindling (indhana), I know that they will light the fire and I say to myself that today’s fire is like yesterday’s fire, but it is not possible for the fire to be re-kindled by virtue of this memory that I have of the fire. It is the same for that which is things of the future. Although the present mind (pratyutpanna-citta) is instantaneous (kṣaṇika) and without duration (asthitika), it re-arises in series (saṃtāna) and is able to recognize dharmas. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Indhana in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Artemisia absinthium from the Asteraceae (Sunflower) family. For the possible medicinal usage of indhana, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Indhana in India is the name of a plant defined with Artemisia absinthium in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Artemisia absinthium var. insipida Stechmann (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Botaničeskij Žurnal (1979)
· Plant Systematics and Evolution (1974)
· Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica (1979)
· Boletim da Sociedade Broteriana (1988)
· Biologie-Ecologie Mediterraneenne (1987)
· Acta Facultatis Rerum Naturalium Universitatis Comenianae, Botanica (1986)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Indhana, for example health benefits, extract dosage, diet and recipes, chemical composition, side effects, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Indhana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

indhana : (nt.) fuel; firewood.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Indhana, (nt.) (Vedic indhana, of idh or indh to kindle, cp. iddha1) firewood, fuel J. IV, 27 (adj. an° without fuel, aggi); V, 447; ThA. 256; VvA. 335; Sdhp. 608. Cp. idhuma. (Page 122)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

indhana (इंधन).—n (S) Firewood or fuel.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

indhana (इंधन).—n Firewood, fuel.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Indhana (इन्धन).—a. [indh-ṇic-lyuṭ] Kindling, lighting.

-nam 1 Kindling, lighting,

2) Fuel, wood &c.; शोकानलेन्धनताम् (śokānalendhanatām) K.169.

3) Expectation, desire (vāsanā); ये तु दग्धेन्धना लोके पुण्यपापविवर्जिताः (ye tu dagdhendhanā loke puṇyapāpavivarjitāḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.348.2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Indhana (इन्धन).—n.

(-naṃ) Fuel; wood, grass, &c. used for that purpose. E. indha to kindle, and lyuṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Indhana (इन्धन).—[indh + ana], n. Fuel, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 118.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Indhana (इन्धन).—[neuter] kindling, lighting; fuel, wood, p. vant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Indhana (इन्धन):—[from indh] n. kindling, lighting, (cf. agnīndhana)

2) [v.s. ...] fuel

3) [v.s. ...] wood, grass etc. used for this purpose, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Yājñavalkya; Śiśupāla-vadha [case]]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Indhana (इन्धन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Fuel.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Indhana (इन्धन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Iṃdhaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Indhana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Iṃdhaṇa (इंधण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Indhana.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Iṃdhana (ಇಂಧನ):—

1) [noun] the act, process or an instance of setting on fire; an igniting.

2) [noun] any material, as coal, oil, gas, wood, etc., burned to supply heat or power; fuel.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Indhana (इन्धन):—n. 1. fuel; 2. firewood;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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