Ina, Iṇa: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Ina means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Ina (इन).—A divinity invoked by cowherdesses to protect the neck of the baby Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 6. 22.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Ina (इन).—(l) substitute for the inst. case ending in आ (ā) (टा (ṭā)) after bases ending in अ (a) ; cf. टाङसिङसामिनात्स्याः (ṭāṅasiṅasāminātsyāḥ) P.VII.1. 12; (2) tad.aff इन (ina) affixed to पूर्व (pūrva) e. g. पथिभिः पूर्विणैः (pathibhiḥ pūrviṇaiḥ) cf. P. IV. 4. 133.

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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Ina (इन) represents the number 12 (twelve) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 12—ina] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

iṇa : (nt.) debt.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Iṇa, (nt.) (Sk. ṛṇa, see also P. an-aṇa) debt D. I, 71, 73; A. III, 352; V, 324 (enumd. with baddha, jāni & kali); Sn. 120; J. I, 307; II, 388, 423; III, 66; IV, 184 (iṇagga for nagga?); 256; V, 253 (where enumd. as one of the 4 paribhogas, viz. theyya°, iṇa°, dāya°, sāmi°); VI, 69, 193; Miln. 375; PvA. 273, 276, iṇaṃ gaṇhāti to borrow money or take up a loan Vism. 556; SnA 289; PvA. 3.—iṇaṃ muñcati to discharge a debt J. IV, 280; V, 238; °ṃ sodheti same PvA. 276; labhati same PvA. 3.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ina (इन).—a.

1) Able, strong, powerful, mighty.

2) Bold, determined.

3) Glorious.

-naḥ 1 A lord, master. लोके भवाञ्जगदिनः कलयावतीर्णः (loke bhavāñjagadinaḥ kalayāvatīrṇaḥ) Bhāgavata 1.7.27.

2) The sun; तपत्विनः (tapatvinaḥ) Śiśupālavadha 2.65. भजति कल्पमिनः प्रतिपद्ययम् (bhajati kalpaminaḥ pratipadyayam) Rām. Ch.4.21. (cf. ino bhāgo dhāmanidhiraṃśumālyabjinīpatiḥ Ak.

3) A king; na na mahīnamahīnaparākramam R.9.5.

4) The lunar mansion Hasta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ina (इन).—m.

(-naḥ) 1. The sun. 2. A master, a lord. 3. A king. 4. The asterism Hasta. E. iṇ to go, nak Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ina (इन).—[adjective] strong, mighty, fierce; [masculine] a great lord or king, the sun.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ina (इन):—mfn. ([from] √i, [Uṇādi-sūtra iii, 2]; or [from] in = √inv), able, strong, energetic, determined, bold

2) powerful, mighty

3) wild

4) glorious, [Ṛg-veda]

5) m. a lord, master

6) a king, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

7) Name of an Āditya

8) the sun

9) the lunar mansion Hasta, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ina (इन):—(naḥ) 1. m. The sun; a master.

2) [(naḥ-nā-naṃ) a.] Glorious, powerful.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Īna (ईन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Īṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ina in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ina (इन) [Also spelled in]:—(pro) these; ~[ko] to these.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Īṇa (ईण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Īna.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ina (ಇನ):—

1) [adverb] till this or present time.

2) [adverb] (as a suffix) till; as long as.

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Ina (ಇನ):—

1) [noun] the sun.

2) [noun] a lord; a master; an owner.

3) [noun] a man in relation to the woman whom he is married to; a husband.

4) [noun] a rich man.

5) [noun] the Supreme.

6) [noun] the male parent; father.

7) [noun] (pros.) a metrical foot consisting of two short syllables with one long one in between (u-u); amphibrachys .

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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