Hve: 5 definitions


Hve means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hve (ह्वे).—1 U. (hvayati-te, juhāva, juhuve, ahvat-ta, ahvāsta, hvāsyati-te, hvātum, hūtaḥ; Pass. hūyate; caus. hvāyayati-te; desid. juhūṣati-te)

1) To call by name; तां पार्वतीत्याभिजनेन नाम्ना बन्धुप्रियां बन्धुजनो जुहाव (tāṃ pārvatītyābhijanena nāmnā bandhupriyāṃ bandhujano juhāva) Ku.1.26.

2) To call out, invoke, call upon.

3) To call, name.

4) To challenge.

5) To vie with, emulate.

6) To ask, beg.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hve (ह्वे).—r. 1st cl. (hvayati-te) 1. To call. 2. To invoke, to call upon. 3. To challenge. 4. To name. 5. To ask, to beg. 6. To emulate, to vie with, to wish to overcome or surpass. 7. To struggle or contend with. With ā, To call, to invite. With sam, To call out together. With upa, ni, vi or sam, the verb is deponent, (upahvayate); also with āṅ if rivalry be signified, (āhvayate) He challenges. The End.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hve (ह्वे).—i. 1, [Parasmaipada.] [Ātmanepada.] (in the Vedas also hū ), 1. To call, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 34, 11; Chr. 289, 4 = [Rigveda.] i. 49, 4 (ahūṣata, ved. aor.); Chr. 288, 14 = [Rigveda.] i. 48, 14 (juhūre, ved. red. pf.). 2. To name, [Kumārasaṃbhava, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 26. 3. To invoke, Mahābhārata 1, 4944. 4. To challenge, to vie with (with acc.), Mahābhārata 3, 1823 (śaśinaṃ hvayantī, Vying with the moon). Ptcple. of the pf. pass. hūta, Summoned, invited. Comp. Puru-, adj. invoked by many, or much invoked.

— With ā ā, I. [Parasmaipada.] (in epic poetry also [Ātmanepada.], [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 91, 12). 1. To call, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 58, 1. 2. To invoke, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 91, 12; [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 101, 3 = [Rigveda.] vii. 16, 1 (ā huve, ved. pres.); [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 101, 7 = [Rigveda.] vii. 16, 3 (ā juhvāna, ptcple. pf. pass.). 3. To invite, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 27. 4. To convoke, [Hitopadeśa] 82, 16. Ii. [Ātmanepada.] 1. To challenge, Mahābhārata 2, 879; Chr. 26, 74 (āhvayām āsa, anomal. pf.), 37, 10 (āhvayāna, anomal. ptcple. pres.). 2. To emulate. [Causal.] hvāyaya, To order to call, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 89, 3.

— With upā upa-ā, [Ātmanepada.] To challenge, Mahābhārata 2, 1785.

— With samā sam-ā, 1. To convoke, [Pañcatantra] 82, 6; [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 8, 18. 2. To call, [Pañcatantra] 210, 10; Mahābhārata 3, 8549. 3. To challenge, Mahābhārata 2, 1518. samā- [Pagē127-b+ 11] hūta, Convoked, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 191, 19.

— With ni ni, To call down (from heaven), Chr. 298, 24 = [Rigveda.] i. 112, 24.

— With pra pra, To call, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 146, 2.

— Cf. O. H. G. hweion; [Gothic.] vôpjan (probably the regular [Causal.]); A. S. hweóp (cry, called out), and wepan; probably also cygan (3. conj., cl. juhū); probably and [Latin] re-boare, and perhaps vovere, vōtum.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hve (ह्वे):—[class] 1. [Ātmanepada] [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xxiii, 39]) hvayati, te ([Vedic or Veda] also havate and huvati, te; other present forms are hve, [Atharva-veda]; hvāmahe, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]; homa, hūmahe, juhūmasi, [Ṛg-veda]; p. huvāna [with pass. sense] [ib.]; hvayāna, [Mahābhārata]; [perfect tense] juhāva, juhuvuḥ, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.; juhve, juhūre, [Ṛg-veda]; juhuve, huhurire, [Brāhmaṇa]; hvayāṃ-āsa and hvayāṃ-cakre, [Mahābhārata]; [Aorist] ahvat, ahvata [or ahvāsta, [Pāṇini 3-1, 54]] [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.; ahvi, [Atharva-veda]; ahūmahi, ahūṣata, [Ṛg-veda]; ahvāsīt [?] [Gopatha-brāhmaṇa]; [future] hvātā [grammar]; hvayiṣyati, te, [Brāhmaṇa]; hvāsyate, [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]; [infinitive mood] [Classical] hvātum; [Vedic or Veda] havitave, hvayitum, tavai; huvadhyai; [indeclinable participle] [Classical] hūtvā; [Vedic or Veda] -hūya and -hāvam),

—to call, call upon, summon, challenge, invoke (with nāmnā, ‘to call by name’; with yuddhe, ‘to challenge to fight’), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.;

—to emulate, vie with, [Horace H. Wilson] :—[Passive voice] hūyate ([Aorist] ahāvi, or ahvāyi), to be called etc., [Ṛg-veda] :—[Causal] hvāyayati ([Aorist] ajūhavat or ajuhāvat), to cause anyone ([accusative]) to be challenged by ([instrumental case]), [Vopadeva] :—[Desiderative] juhūṣati, te [grammar]:—[Intensive] johūyate or johavīti (johuvanta, ajohavuḥ, johuvat, johuvāna, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]) or johoti ([grammar]), to call on, invoke etc. cf. [Greek] γοάω.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hve (ह्वे):—hvayati 1. a. To emulate; to call; to challenge. With ā, when rivalry is meant, and with upa, ni, vi, and saṃ, the verb is deponent.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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