Hunkara, aka: Huṅkāra, Hūṅkāra; 6 Definition(s)


Hunkara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Huṅkāra (हुङ्कार) refers to one of the thirty-three alaṃkāras (embellishments), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 29. It can also be spelled as Huṃkāra. These alaṃkāras, or, ‘embellishments of song’, depend upon the four types of varṇas, which refers to a specific order of musical notes (svara). They are attached to the songs of seven forms, although not generally used in the dhruvās.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “huṃkāra ascending as in the hasita, at least two or at most four notes in each kalā”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Hūṅkāra (हूङ्कार) or Hūṅkāratantra refers to one of the twenty Bhūtatantras, belonging to the Śāktāgama (or Śāktatantra) division of the Āgama tradition. The Śāktāgamas represent the wisdom imparted by Devī to Īśvara and convey the idea that the worship of Śakti is the means to attain liberation. According to the Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasamuccaya of Vairocana, the Śāktatantras are divided into to four parts, the Hūṅkāra-tantra belonging to the Bhūta class.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shaktism)
Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Hunkara in Pali glossary... « previous · [H] · next »

huṅkāra : (m.) the sound "hum."

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Hunkara in Marathi glossary... « previous · [H] · next »

huṅkāra (हुंकार).—m (S) The uttering of the sound hūṃ in intimidation or angry repression of: also the sound hūṃ as uttered. Ex. ṛṣīnēṃ huṃ0 ṭākalā tara bhasma hōśīla.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

huṅkāra (हुंकार).—m The uttering of huṃ sound intimat- ing consent in reply to a questioner.

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huṅkāra (हुंकार).—m The uttering of the sound huṃ in intimidation or angry repression of.

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huṅkārā (हुंकारा).—m The uttering, from time to time, of the sound huṃ by hearers of a narration.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Huṅkāra (हुङ्कार).—m.

(-raḥ) Uttering a menacing sound, roaring, bellowing. E. huna, and kāra making; also similar compounds, as huṅkṛti, huṅkṛta, &c.

Huṅkāra can also be spelled as Hūṅkāra (हूङ्कार).

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Hūṅkāra (हूङ्कार).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Uttering the sound “Hum.” 2. Uttering a menacing sound, roaring: see huṅkāra. E. hūm, kāra making.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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