Holi, Holī: 9 definitions


Holi means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: academia.edu: Tessitori Collection I

Holī (होली) refers to an ancient Indian festival celebrated by both Jains and Hindus, according to the Holikāprabandha by Kṣamākalyāṇa (dealing with Festivals in Jain literature), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—The purpose of the Holikā-prabandha is to promote clearly the Jain vision and practice of Holī against the traditional Hindu customs, which are regarded as unethical, (Cf. 12r12-14; for a modern expression of the same idea and Jain criticisms about Holi see J.e. cort, Jains in the World, oxford, 2001, pp. 180-181). The story of the previous birth of Holikā (see ed.) is not present here.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1

Holi is the name of a festival observed by the Lambadis; for the celebration of which money is collected in towns and villages. On the Holi day, the headman and his wife fast, and worship two images of mud, representing Kama (the Indian cupid) and his wife Rati. On the following morning, cooked food is offered to the images, which are then burnt. Men and women sing and dance, in separate groups, round the burning fire. On the third day, they again sing and dance, and dress themselves in gala attire. The men snatch the food which has been prepared by the women, and run away amid protests from the women, who sometimes chastise them.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Holī.—(EI 3, 5), the spring festival. Note: holī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

hōḷī (होळी).—f (hōlikā S) The name of a Rakshasi to whom this festival is addressed. 2 The pile (of wood, grass &c.) arranged to be kindled at the close of the festival of the hōḷī. 2 The festival of the hōḷī, or the season of it. It is held at the approach of the vernal equinox. It is comprehended within the first day (or the fifth day) and the day of full moon of the month Phalgun. The term is applied also to the day of full moon of Phalgun, and to that of the month Magh. 3 Applied to the tree or stick which is planted or fixed in the centre of the pile. hōḷī karaṇēṃ To burn the hōḷī,--to kindle the pile and close the festival.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

hōḷī (होळी).—f The Hindu-Saturnalia. The woodpile kindled at the festival. hōḷīcēṃ śimpaṇēṃ n The light rain falling about that time of the season.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Holī (होली):—[from holākā] See above under holākā.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Holī (होली):—(nf) a Hindu festival celebrated on the last day of the month of [phāguna] when coloured water is thrown on one another; —[khelanā] to throw coloured water (on); —[jalanā] to make a bonfire (of).

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Holi (ಹೊಲಿ):—

1) [verb] to fasten, join, repair with stitches; to stitch.

2) [verb] to operate upon with stitches; to sew.

3) [verb] to interweave three or more strands of (hair, straw, etc.); to braid.

--- OR ---

Holi (ಹೊಲಿ):—[noun] extra or additional quantity of grains or corns given or to be given at regular intervals, to a person for the use of grains or corns taken on loan.

--- OR ---

Hoḷi (ಹೊಳಿ):—[noun] a variety of wheat.

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Hōḷi (ಹೋಳಿ):—

1) [noun] a paramour of Manmatha, the love-God.

2) [noun] the spring festival at the approach of the vernal equinox.

3) [noun] the coloured water sprinkled on each other during this festival.

4) [noun] (fig.) the act of throwing (something on, away or out).

5) [noun] the flame of a fire.

6) [noun] that which is offered as oblation, sacrifice.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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