Hitopadesha, Hitōpadēśa, Hitopadeśa, Hita-upadesha: 13 definitions


Hitopadesha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Hitōpadēśa and Hitopadeśa can be transliterated into English as Hitopadesa or Hitopadesha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Hitopadesha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Hitopadeśa (हितोपदेश).—A book written in Sanskrit on the basis of the Pañcatantra. It is a collection of fortythree stories, and twentyfive of the stories are found in the Pañcatantra. There is also not much difference in the stories, about the origin of the two books. The author of Hitopadeśa is considered to be one Nārāyaṇa Paṇḍita, a dependant of King Dhavalacandra. Of the manuscripts available of the book, the oldest one is dated 1373 A.D. It has been surmised that the book was written somewhere between the 10th and 12th centuries A.D.

There are four parts to the book called Mitralābha (gaining friends), Suhṛdbheda (creating dissensions between friends) Vigraha (separation) and Sandhi (union).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Hitopadesha in Hinduism glossary
Source: academia.edu: Tessitori Collection I (hinduism)

Hitopadeśa (हितोपदेश) is the name of a work (classified as Renderings of Sanskrit classics).—The Hitopadeśa (in Hindi) is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—The work, which is a rendering of Nārāyaṇa’s Sanskrit classic, the Hitopadeśa, starts in the final part of the first book Mitralābha, in the middle of the story told by Hiraṇyaka in order to prevent the tortoise Manthara from leaving the lake where he lives. [...]

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Hitopadesha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

hitōpadēśa (हितोपदेश).—m (S hita & upadēśa) Good counsel or advice.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

hitōpadēśa (हितोपदेश).—m Good counsel.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Hitopadesha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hitopadeśa (हितोपदेश).—

1) friendly advice, salutary instruction.

2) Name of a celebrated collection of tales ascribed to Viṣṇu-Śarman; श्रुतो हतोपदेशोऽयं पाटवं संस्कृतोक्तिषु । वाचां सर्वत्र वैचित्र्यं नीतिविद्यां ददाति च (śruto hatopadeśo'yaṃ pāṭavaṃ saṃskṛtoktiṣu | vācāṃ sarvatra vaicitryaṃ nītividyāṃ dadāti ca) || H. Pr.2.

Derivable forms: hitopadeśaḥ (हितोपदेशः).

Hitopadeśa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms hita and upadeśa (उपदेश).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hitopadeśa (हितोपदेश).—m.

(-śaḥ) Friendly or proper advice. E. hita proper, upadeśa advice.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hitopadeśa (हितोपदेश).—m. friendly or good advice.

Hitopadeśa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms hita and upadeśa (उपदेश).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hitopadeśa (हितोपदेश).—[masculine] salutary instruction, T. of a collection of fables.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Hitopadeśa (हितोपदेश) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—by Śrīkaṇṭhaśambhu. See Vaidyahitopadeśa. Compare Yogacintāmaṇi.

Hitopadeśa has the following synonyms: Vaidyakasārasaṃgraha.

2) Hitopadeśa (हितोपदेश):—a collection of apologues, by Nārāyaṇa. Jones. 410. Cop. 100. Pet. 727. Io. 1764. 2454. 2778. 2824. W. p. 164. Oxf. 157^a. Paris. (B 141^b. D 70. 71). K. 78. Kh. 86. B. 2, 130. Report. Xv. Ben. 33. Bik. 262. Tu7b. 21. Kāṭm. 6. Pheh. 6. Rādh. 22. Bhk. 27. Bonn. 142. H. 117. Oppert. 631. 682. 2158. 8376. Ii, 1017. 3306. 8433. 8994. 9775. Peters. 3, 397.
—[commentary] Oppert. Ii, 8434.

3) Hitopadeśa (हितोपदेश):—med. See Vaidyahitopadeśa.

4) Hitopadeśa (हितोपदेश):—by Nārāyaṇa. Bl. 118. Cu. add. 1407. 2564. Oudh. Xx, 54. Peters. 4, 31.

5) Hitopadeśa (हितोपदेश):—by Nārāyaṇa. As p. 240 (2 Mss.). Bd. 488.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hitopadeśa (हितोपदेश):—[from hita] m. friendly advice, salutary instruction, [Mahābhārata; Pañcatantra etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a popular collection of fables intermixed with didactic sentences and moral precepts (compiled by Nārāyaṇa, and supposed to be narrated by a Brahman named Viṣṇu-śarman to some young princes; it is chiefly founded on the Pañca-tantra q.v.)

3) [v.s. ...] Name of two works on medicine.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hitopadeśa (हितोपदेश):—[hito+padeśa] (śaḥ) 1. m. Good advice.

[Sanskrit to German]

Hitopadesha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Hitopadesha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Hitōpadēśa (ಹಿತೋಪದೇಶ):—[noun] a good advice; a wise counsel.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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