Hiranyavati, Hiraṇyavatī, Hiranya-vati: 4 definitions



Hiranyavati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Hiranyavati in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Hiraṇyavatī (हिरण्यवती) is the name of an ancient city situated in Avanti, whose name is associated with the Dvāparayuga, as mentioned in the ninth story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 83. Accordingly, “... there is in Avanti a city built by gods at the beginning of the world, which is limitless as the body of Śiva, and renowned for enjoyment and prosperity, even as his body is adorned with the snake’s hood and ashes. It was called Padmāvatī in the Kṛta Yuga, Bhogavatī in the Tretā Yuga, Hiraṇyavatī in the Dvāpara Yuga, and Ujjayinī in the Kali Yuga. And in it there lived an excellent king, named Vīradeva, and he had a queen named Padmarati”.

2) Hiraṇyavatī (हिरण्यवती) is the wife of Dhanapāla, a merchant (vaṇij) from Tāmraliptī, according to the nineteenth story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 93. Accordingly, “... when she [Dhanavatī] grew up to womanhood, the merchant [Dhanapāla] died; and his relations seized his property, as the king did not interfere to protect it. Then the wife of that merchant, who was named Hiraṇyavatī, took her own jewels and ornaments, which she had carefully concealed, and left her house secretly at the beginning of the night, with her daughter Dhanavatī, and fled, to escape from her husband’s relations”.

The story of Hiraṇyavatī is mentioned in the Vetālapañcaviṃśati (twenty-five tales of a vetāla) which is embedded in the twelfth book of the Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’). The main book is a famous Sanskrit epic detailing the exploits of prince Naravāhanadatta in his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The Kathā-sarit-sāgara is is explained to be an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā which consisted of 100,000 verses and in turn forms part of an even larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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India history and geography

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Hiraṇyavatī (हिरण्यवती) is the name of an ancient river, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—The Mahāparinibbāna Suttanta states that the Sāla grove of the Mallas where the Buddha lay in his Mahāparinibbāna was situated near the river Hiraṇyavatī identical probably, as Smith indicates, with the Gaṇḍak (Early Hist. of India, p. 167 11.).

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Hiranyavati in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Hiraṇyavatī (हिरण्यवती).—once (m.c.?) °vatyā (compare § 10.6), (= Pali Hiraññavatī; see s.v. Āryavatī), name of a river, on the bank of which the Buddha entered nirvāṇa: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 354.14; 580.9 (nadyāṃ °vatyāyāṃ, verse, perhaps m.c. for °vatyāṃ); 595.4 (verse, °vatī-tīre); Mahā-Māyūrī 253.8 (in list of names); MPS 29.4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hiraṇyavatī (हिरण्यवती):—[=hiraṇya-vatī] [from hiraṇya-vat > hiraṇya > hiraṇa] f. (atī) Name of Ujjayinī in the third age, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) [v.s. ...] of a river, [Buddhist literature]

3) [v.s. ...] of various women, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Catalogue(s)]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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