Hiranyapura, Hiraṇyapura, Hiranya-pura: 9 definitions


Hiranyapura means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Hiranyapura in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Hiraṇyapura (हिरण्यपुर).—A city of Rasātala, the residence of Nīvātakavacas;1 residence of fourteen sons of Mārīca (Dānavas);2 the residence of the Paulomas and the Kālakeyas;3 residence of the sons and grandsons, etc. of the two daughters of Vaiśvanara.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 24. 30; X. 89. 34 [5].
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 27; 44. 99.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 6. 24.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 26.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Hiraṇyapura (हिरण्यपुर) refers to the name of a City mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.170.11). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Hiraṇya-pura) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Hiranyapura in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Hiraṇyapura (हिरण्यपुर) is the name of an ancient city situated in Kaśmīra, in the Himālayas, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 65. Accordingly, “...  there is in the lap of the Himālayas a country called Kaśmīra, which is the very crest-jewel of the earth, the home of sciences and virtue. In it there was a town named Hiraṇyapura, and there reigned in it a king named Kanakākṣa”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Hiraṇyapura, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Hiraṇyapura (हिरण्यपुर) is a place name ending in pura mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. Hiraṇyapura is also known as Hindoun or Herdoun in the way that pura is changed to own.

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana (history)

Hiraṇyapura (हिरण्यपुर) is the name of a city mentioned as the home of the Kālakhañjas, according to the Śivapurāṇa verse 5.32.32.—This city of the Paulomas and Kālakhañjas (or Kālakeyas) as mentioned in the Mahābhārata (Vana P. CLXXIII.13) and the Kathāsaritsāgara (XLV. 135) stood on the sea-route leading to Pātāla. Its exact locus remains still unidentified.

Source: Early History Of The Deccan Pts.1 To 6: Principal Administrative Divisions from the Rise of the Sātavāhanas

Hiraṇyapura (हिरण्यपुर) refers to Hiraṇyapura-bhoga, where bhoga refers to a division of a rājya (administrative division).—Hiraṇyapura reminds one of Kāñchanakāpurī of the Purāṇas. It has been identified with Songāon near Chāndūr, or with Hirpur near Sāgar.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Hiranyapura in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hiraṇyapura (हिरण्यपुर).—n. the town of the Asuras, [Arjunasamāgama] 10, 13.

— Cf. perhaps also

Hiraṇyapura is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms hiraṇya and pura (पुर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hiraṇyapura (हिरण्यपुर):—[=hiraṇya-pura] [from hiraṇya > hiraṇa] n. Name of an Asura town floating in the air or situated beyond the ocean, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] of a town in Kāśmīra, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

[Sanskrit to German]

Hiranyapura in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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