Hira, Hīra, Hīrā: 19 definitions
Hira means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Heer.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study
Hīra (हीर) is an onomatopoeic word (another name) for the Lion (Siṃha), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Biology (plants and animals)Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)
Hira in Gambia is the name of a plant defined with Alchornea cordifolia in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Conceveiba cordata A. Juss. (among others).
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· Linnaea (1865)
· De Euphorbiacearum Generibus Medicisque (1824)
· Beskrivelse af Guineeiske planter (1827)
· Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis (1866)
· Willdenowia (1991)
· Niger flora, or ‘An enumeration of the plants of western tropical Africa’ (1849)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Hira, for example chemical composition, side effects, health benefits, extract dosage, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
hīra : (nt.) a splinter; a stripe.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Hīra, (cp. late Sk. hīra) 1. a necklace (?) VvA.176.—2. a small piece, splinter J.IV, 30 (sakalika°); hīrahīraṃ karoti to cut to pieces, to chop up J.I, 9; DhA.I, 224 (+khaṇḍâkhaṇḍaṃ). (Page 732)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
hirā (हिरा).—m (hīraka or hīra S) A diamond. Pr. hirā tō hirā gāra tī gāra The flint must ever remain at unapproachable distance from the diamond.
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hīra (हीर).—m A rib of the leaf (of trees of the Palmtribe). 2 A fibre of kinds of wood (as of that of the māḍa, tāḍa, suramāḍa, pōphaḷa, vēḷū); a line running along wood generally. 3 fig. Hardness remaining in badly boiled rice &c. 4 A fine splint or splinter (of fibre, reed, stubble, wood &c.) with or without reference to its running into the flesh. v bhara, śira, sala, upaṭa. hīra bhājaṇēṃ g. of o. (To singe the fine point of a fibre or splinter; or to scorch the fine shootings or eyes of sowing corn;--making both dull or dead and impotent.) To take the conceit out of; to destroy the shine and bravery of: also to undergo such treatment.
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hīra (हीर).—f (īrṣyā S) Emulation or coping with. Note. Although hīramōḍa & hīrasāṇḍa compounds of hīra are sufficiently common, hīra is uncommon, and is viewed but as a misspelling of īra q. v.
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hīra (हीर) [or हीरक, hīraka].—m S A diamond.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
hirā (हिरा).—m A diamond.
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hīra (हीर).—m A rib of the leaf (of trees of the palm-tribe). hīra bhājaṇēṃ To take the conceit out of; to destroy the shine of; also to undergo such treatment. A kind of wood-fibre.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Hīra (हीर).—[hṛ-ka ni]
1) A snake.
2) A necklace.
3) A lion.
4) Name of the father of Srīharṣa, the author of the Naishadha-charita.
5) Name of Śiva.
-raḥ, -ram The thunderbolt of Indra.
2) A diamond; (occurring in the concluding stanza of each canto of naiṣadhacarita).
Derivable forms: hīraḥ (हीरः).
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1) An epithet of Lakṣmī.
2) An ant.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Hirā (हिरा).—sand, see hirodaka.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-raḥ) 1. Siva. 2. A snake. 3. A necklace. 4. A lion. 5. Name of the father of Sriharsha, the author of Naishadha-Kavyam. n.
(-raṃ) 1. A diamond. 2. Indra'S thundorbolt. f.
(-rā) 1. The goddess Lakshmi. 2. A cockroach. 3. An ant. E. hṛ to take, ka aff., and īru substituted for the radical finals.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Hīra (हीर).— (partly for hāra, q. cf.), I. m. 1. Indra's thunderbolt. 2. A necklace. 3. A lion. 4. A snake. 5. Śiva. Ii. f. rā. 1. Lakṣmī. 2. An ant. 3. A cockroach. Iii. n. A diamond.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Hira (हिर).—[masculine] band, stripe.
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Hīra (हीर).—[substantive] diamond.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
Hīra (हीर) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—father of Harsha (Naiṣadhīyacarita).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Hira (हिर):—m. a band, strip, fillet, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] (= mekhalā [Scholiast or Commentator])
2) Hirā (हिरा):—[from hira] a f. See next.
3) [v.s. ...] b f. a vein, artery (cf. hitā ami sirā), [Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]; Gmelina Arborea, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) [v.s. ...] cf. [according to] to some, [Latin] haru (-spex) .
5) Hīra (हीर):—m. a diamond, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) a thunderbolt, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
7) a serpent, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) a lion, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
9) a string of pearls (connected with 1. hāra), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
10) Name of Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
11) of the father of Harṣa, [Vāsavadattā, [Introduction]]
12) Hīrā (हीरा):—[from hīra] f. a kind of ant or moth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
13) [v.s. ...] Gmelina Arborei, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
14) [v.s. ...] Name of Lakṣmī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
15) [v.s. ...] of a woman, [Catalogue(s)]
16) Hīra (हीर):—mn. a diamond, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
17) a kind of metre, [Colebrooke]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Hīra (हीर):—(raḥ) 1. m. Shiva; Indra's thunderbolt; a snake; necklace; lion. 1. f. Lakshmī; cockroach; ant. n. Diamond.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Hīra (हीर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Hīra.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
1) Hīra (हीर) [Also spelled heer]:—(nm) pith, essence, quintessence; see [hīrā].
2) Hīrā (हीरा):—(nm) a diamond; —[ādamī] a good egg, a gem amongst men; —[cāṭanā, hīre kī kamī cāṭanā] to commit suicide (by licking a diamond or diamond particle).
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
Hīra (हीर) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Hīra.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Hira (ಹಿರ):—[verb] the plant Drypetes sepiaria ( = Hemicyclia sepiaria) of Euphorbiaceae family.
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1) [noun] a transparent, flawless or almost flawless piece of a pure or nearly pure, extremely hard form of carbon, naturally crystallised in the isometric system, valued as a precious gem; diamond.
2) [noun] a loud, explosive, resounding noise produced by the explosive expansion of air heated by a lightning discharge; thunder.
3) [noun] a snake.
4) [noun] a necklace.
5) [noun] a tiger.
6) [noun] Śiva.
7) [noun] the plant Drypetes sepiaria ( = Hemicyclia sepiaria) of Euphorbiaceae family.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+319): Hira bhatta, Hira Hinga, Hira-dokhi, Hirabhatta, Hirabhi, Hirabol, Hirabol karam, Hirabol methia, Hirabol methiya, Hirabol myrrh, Hirad, Hirada, Hiradakhan, Hiradevi, Hiradhara, Hiradi, Hiradicem-pikanem, Hiradiva, Hiradokhi, Hiradukhi.
Ends with (+451): Abadhira, Abahira, Abhikamkhira, Abhira, Abhiruchira, Achira, Adabashira, Adhashshira, Adhira, Adishishira, Agadharudhira, Agnishira, Ahikamkhira, Ahira, Aindrashira, Aishira, Ajakshira, Akhira, Amtaragabhira, Anantashira.
Full-text (+36): Hiranga, Hiraka, Hirodaka, Hiradhara, Hiradevi, Heer, Hiram chaba, Goriyo hiras, Dholio hiras, Hirakarya, Hirabhatta, Hirajit, Hira-dokhi, Yamaka, Hirekhana, Hirakani, Hirananda, Hirarama, Hiroka, Aherana.
Search found 21 books and stories containing Hira, Hīra, Hirā, Hīrā; (plurals include: Hiras, Hīras, Hirās, Hīrās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 2 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 3 - Organs in the Atharva-veda and Āyurveda < [Chapter XIII - Speculations in the Medical Schools]
Part 10 - The Circulatory and the Nervous System < [Chapter XIII - Speculations in the Medical Schools]
Wet and Dry < [January 1951]
Premchand–A Study < [September 1943]
The Trials of Siru < [January 1967]
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 3.5.539 < [Chapter 5 - The Pastimes of Nityānanda]
Verse 3.7.40 < [Chapter 7 - Pastimes in Śrī Gadādhara’s Garden]
Women in the Atharva-veda Samhita (by Pranab Jyoti Kalita)
5h. Dress and Ornaments < [Chapter 3 - The Familial and Social Life of Women in the Atharvaveda]
5c. Hymn to Sterilize a Rival Woman < [Chapter 2 - The Strīkarmāṇi Hymns of the Atharvaveda]
Śrī Kṛṣṇa-vijaya (by Śrī Gunaraja Khan)