Hind, Hiṇḍ: 10 definitions

Introduction:

Hind means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics (History)

Hind has been used for India, and Hindi for Indian. Hind is the term generally used in Arabic and Persian literature for India. In early writings distinction was sometimes made between Sind and Hind. Thus Al-Masudi and Al-Biruni used Sind to denote the countries to the west of the river Indus. This distinction is clearly in evidence in Ibn Hawkal’s map, reproduced in Elliot and Dawson’s History of India. There were others who did not make this distinction. Thus Istakri (912) uses Hind to denote the whole of India. Again in the Shahmama of Firdausi, Sind has been used for a river as well as for a country, and Hind for the whole of India. In later times this distinction disappeared completely.

According to the lexicographers Ibn Seedeh (died 1066) and Firouzabadi (1328-1413), Hind is “the name of a well known nation” and according to El-Jowharee (1008) it denotes “the name of a country.” Instances of the use of Hind to denote India in the literature of the Arabs can be multiplied at pleasure.

Carra de Vaux’s derivation of the word hind from ènd or hènd cannot be accepted. It has no support from Arabic lexicography. Moreover, the word bird is a very ancient one. It occurs in the Avesta both in the earlier Yasna and in the later (Sassanian) Vendidad. The word also occurs in the cuneiform inscriptions of Darius Hystaspes. The Pehlavi writings before the Arab conquest of Iran also show the word hind. In all those cases it means India.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Hind in Arabic is the name of a plant defined with Zea mays in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Zea erythrolepis Bonaf. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Phytologia (1978)
· Landwirthschaftliche Flora (1866)
· The Illustrated Dictionary of Gardening … (1887)
· Amer. Journal of Botany
· Enumeratio Stirpium Transsilvaniae (1816)
· Ein Garten Eden. (2001)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Hind, for example health benefits, pregnancy safety, chemical composition, side effects, extract dosage, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hiṇḍ (हिण्ड्).—1 Ā. (hiṇḍate, hiṇḍita)

1) To go, wander, roam over.

2) To disregard, slight.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hiṇḍ (हिण्ड्).—i. 1, [Ātmanepada.] 1. To go. 2. To disregard.

— With ā ā, To ramble, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 20, 5 ([Prakrit]).

— With pari pari, [Daśakumāracarita] 151, 6 (anomal. pary ahiṇḍata, which Wilson translates, ‘They were deserted’).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hiṇḍ (हिण्ड्).—hiṇḍate [with] ā roam.*

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hiṇḍ (हिण्ड्):—[class] 1. [Ātmanepada] ([Dhātupāṭha viii, 15]) hiṇḍate (only [imperfect tense] ahiṇḍanta and [perfect tense] jihiṇḍe), to go, move, wander or roam about (cf. āand pari√hiṇḍ);

—to disregard, slight, [Dhātupāṭha]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Hiṇḍ (हिण्ड्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Hiṃḍa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Hind in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Hind in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) India..—hind (हिंद) is alternatively transliterated as Hiṃda.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Hind is another spelling for हिन्द [hinda].—n. India; Hindustan;

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Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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