Hinayana, aka: Hīnayāna, Hina-yana; 6 Definition(s)
Hinayana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist Terms
M (Bad (hina) ; vehicle (yana).) "The vehicle of the bads", Sect of bad monks whom diverged from sangha by their loosening, laxity. (So, the monks of hinayana are against the ones of theravada)
See also: What is the difference between "hinayana" and "mahayana"?Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: Buddhist Door: Glossary
Hīnayāna Skt., “Small Vehicle”; originally a derogatory designation used by representatives of the Mahāyāna (“Great Vehicle”) for early Buddhism. The followers of Hīnayāna themselves usually refer to their teaching as the Theravāda (Teaching of the Elders), although strictly speaking, Theravāda was one of the schools within the Hīnayāna; it is, however, the only one still existing today. Hīnayāna is also referred to as Southern Buddhism, since it is prevalent chiefly in countries of southern Asia (Sri Lanka, Thailand, Burma, Kampuchea, Laos).
The Hīnayāna enumerates the traditions of eighteen schools that developed out of the original community; however, the texts make reference to many more.
The Hīnayāna school developed between the death of the Buddha and the end of the first century BCE. According to its adherents it represents the original, pure teaching as it was taught by the Buddha. Its doctrines are essentially based on the sūtras, which are said to have been spoken by the Buddha himself.
The Hīnayāna presents primarily the path to liberation. Philosophical speculations have no role in this; on the contrary, they are considered a hindrance on the path. The Hīnayāna teaching provides an analysis of the human situation, the nature of existence, and the structure of individuality, and shows methods for the resolution of suffering (duhkha). The ideal figure of Hīnayāna corresponding to these principles is the arhat, who through his or her own effort has attained release.
Hīnayāna avoids affirming anything about the ultimate goal of spiritual striving, nirvāna, beyond the experiential fact of enlightenment and the concomitant extinction of the illusion of an ego and its cravings.
The Buddha is regarded by these schools as a historical person, an earthly man and teacher, not as a transcendent being.
The essence of the teaching is expressed in the four noble truths, the doctrine of dependent arising (pratītya-samutpāda), the teaching of anātman, and the law of karma. The basic practice of the Hīnayāna is described in the teaching of the eightfold path.Source: Shambala Publications: General
Languages of India and abroad
Hīnayāna (हीनयान).—Name of the earliest systems of Buddhist doctrine.
Derivable forms: hīnayānam (हीनयानम्).
Hīnayāna is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms hīna and yāna (यान).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Hīnayāna (हीनयान).—(nt.), the inferior vehicle, i.e. that of the śrāvakas: Mvy 1253; depreciated, na °yānena nayanti buddhāḥ SP 46.14 (verse); others, see s.v. yāna.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Full-text (+54): Mahayana, Theravada, Shravakayana, Shravakavinaya, Vaibhashika, Shravaka, Vasubandhu, Twenty Hinayana Sects, Mulasarvastivada, Kashyapiya, Bhadrayaniya, Nihsriti, Sannagarika, Sammitiya, Pali, Four Hinayana Sects, Avarasailah, Kaukkutikah, Haimavata, Bahusrutiyah.
Search found 28 books and stories containing Hinayana, Hīnayāna, Hina-yana, Hīna-yāna; (plurals include: Hinayanas, Hīnayānas, yanas, yānas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Three Vehicles Of Buddhism (by Kensur Lobsang Chojor)
The Vimalakīrti Sutra (by John R. McRae)
Chapter III - Disciples < [Fascicle One]
Chenian Short Lectures in America (by Yogi C. M. Chen)
Chapter 1 - Why is Traditional Buddhism Better < [Part Two]
Chapter 3 - Deep Breathing < [Part One]
Chapter 2 - The Three Identifications < [Part One]
A Dictionary Of Chinese Buddhist Terms (by William Edward Soothill)
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