Hi, Hī: 9 definitions


Hi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Hi (हि).—Personal-ending of the second pers. sing. substituted for सि (si) in the imperative mood; cf. सेर्ह्यपिच्च (serhyapicca) P. III. 4.87;

2) Hi.—A sign-word used in the Vajasaneyi-pratisakhya to mark the termination of the words of the Adhikarasutra V. Pr.III.5, IV.11.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Hi.—(IE 8-1), abbreviation of hiraṇya, ‘cash’ or ‘revenue income in cash’. Cf. sāṃ-hi. Note: hi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

hī (ही).—ad Also, likewise, additionally. 2 Even.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

hī (ही).—ad Also, likewise. Even.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hi (हि).—ind. (Never used at the beginning of a sentence) It has the following senses:-

1) For, because (expressing a strict or logical reason); अग्निरिहास्ति धूमो हि दृश्यते (agnirihāsti dhūmo hi dṛśyate) G. M.; R.5.1.

2) Indeed, surely; देव प्रयोगप्रधानं हि नाठ्यशास्त्रम् (deva prayogapradhānaṃ hi nāṭhyaśāstram) M.1; न हि कमलिनीं दृष्ट्वा ग्राहमवेक्षते मतङ्गजः (na hi kamalinīṃ dṛṣṭvā grāhamavekṣate mataṅgajaḥ) M. 3.

3) For instance, as is well known; प्रजानामेव भूत्यर्थ स ताभ्यो बलिमग्रहीत् । सहस्रगुणमुत्स्रष्टुमादत्ते हि रसं रविः (prajānāmeva bhūtyartha sa tābhyo balimagrahīt | sahasraguṇamutsraṣṭumādatte hi rasaṃ raviḥ) R.1.18.

4) Only, alone (to emphasize an idea); मूढो हि मदनेना- यास्यते (mūḍho hi madanenā- yāsyate) K.155.

5) Sometimes it is used merely as an expletive.

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Hi (हि).—5 P. (hinoti, hita; caus. hāyayati; desid. jighīṣati)

1) To send forth, impel.

2) To cast, throw, discharge, shoot; गदा शक्रजिता जिध्ये (gadā śakrajitā jidhye) Bk.14.36.

3) To excite, incite, urge.

4) To promote, further.

5) To gratify, please, exhilarate.

6) To go or proceed.

7) To forsake, abandon; सर्वेषु भूतेष्वधियज्ञमीशं यजस्व योगेन च कर्म हिन्वन् (sarveṣu bhūteṣvadhiyajñamīśaṃ yajasva yogena ca karma hinvan) Bhāg.7.1.12.

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Hī (ही).—ind. An interjection of

1) Surprise (ah !); ही बीर कुरुराजेति ही भीम इति जल्पताम् (hī bīra kururājeti hī bhīma iti jalpatām) Mb.1.135.2; हतविधि- लसितानां ही विचित्रो विपाकः (hatavidhi- lasitānāṃ hī vicitro vipākaḥ) Śi.11.64; or आः, कष्टम्, बत, ही, चित्रम् (āḥ, kaṣṭam, bata, hī, citram) ... Bk.6.11 and ही चित्रं लक्ष्मणेनोचे (hī citraṃ lakṣmaṇenoce) Bk.14.39; (often repeated in theatrical language in this sense).

2) Fatigue, despondency or sorrow.

3) Reason (cf. hi).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hi (हि).—r. 5th cl. (hinīti) 1. To go. 2. To send. 3. To grow or increase. 4. To be in pain. 5. To Throw. 6. To excite, to urge. 7. To promote, to further. 8. To please, to gratify. With pra, 1. To discharge, to throw. 2. To send forth.

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Hi (हि).—Ind. A particle expressing:—1. Because, for, on account of. 2. Assuredly, certainly, (assertion.). 3. Indeed, surely, (interrogation.) 4. For instance. 5. Only, alone. 6. A particle, implying difference or distinction. 7. An expletive. 8. Ah, alas. 9. An interjection of envy or contempt. 10. An interjection of hurry. E. hi to go, vic aff; or to abandon, or hi to go, ḍi aff.

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Hī (ही).—Ind. 1. An exclamation or interjection of surprise. 2. Of fatigue or despondence. 3. Of sorrow. 4. A particle implying reason or cause, (therefore, so.) E. han to hurt, ḍī aff., hi substituted for the root.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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