Hetvabhasa, aka: Hetvābhāsa, Hetu-abhasa; 5 Definition(s)


Hetvabhasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Nyaya (school of philosophy)

Hetvabhasa in Nyaya glossary... « previous · [H] · next »

Hetvābhāsa (हेत्वाभास) refers to “fallacy”. It is one of the sixteen categories of discussion (padārtha) according to the doctrine of the Nyāya-sūtras by Akṣapāda. The sixteen padārthas represent a method of intellectual analysis and categorize everything that is knowable and nameable.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nyāya

Hetvābhāsa (हेत्वाभास, “fallacy”) refers to the thirteenth of the sixteen padārthas (“categories”) in the first chapter of Gautama’s Nyāyasūtra (2nd century CE). Hetvābhāsa is that which is not a real hetu or reason of an inference, but appear as the hetu. According to Gautama those are known as hetvābhāsas (fallacies) of a reason which are erratic, contradictory, and same to the question, unproved and mistimed.

Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories
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Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Hetvabhasa in Marathi glossary... « previous · [H] · next »

hētvābhāsa (हेत्वाभास).—m S Fallacious semblance of reason or argument; a false or a foolish reason or cause assigned.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

hētvābhāsa (हेत्वाभास).—m Fallacious semblance of reason.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hetvabhasa in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [H] · next »

Hetvābhāsa (हेत्वाभास).—'the semblance of a reason', a fallacious middle term, fallacy; (it is of five kinds :-savyabhicāra or anaikāntika, viruddha, asiddha, satpratipakṣa and bādhita).

Derivable forms: hetvābhāsaḥ (हेत्वाभासः).

Hetvābhāsa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms hetu and ābhāsa (आभास).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 191 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Hetu (हेतु, “reason”) refers to the second of five stages of syllogism (parārthānumāna) also kn...
Ābhāṣa (आभाष).—[bhāṣ-ghañ]1) Addressing.2) An introduction, preface.3) Speech, talk.4) A saying...
Cidābhāsa (चिदाभास).—the individual soul (jīva) (which still sticks to worldly defilements). De...
Tarkabhāṣā (तर्कभाषा) is a Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika prakaraṇa written by Keśava Miśra by about 13th cent...
Hetuvāda (हेतुवाद).—1) disputation, controversy. 2) fraud (kapaṭa); न हेतुवादाल्लोभाद्वा धर्मं ...
Rasābhāsa (रसाभास).—1) the semblance or mere appearance of a sentiment; अनौचित्यप्रवृत्तत्वे आभ...
Smṛtihetu (स्मृतिहेतु).—a cause of recollection, impression on the mind, association of ideas.D...
Bhāvābhāsa (भावाभास).—simulation of a feeling, a feigned or false emotion. Derivable forms: bhā...
Pakṣābhāsa (पक्षाभास).—1) a fallacious argument. 2) a false plaint. Derivable forms: pakṣābhāsa...
Svatvahetu (स्वत्वहेतु).—cause of proprietory right.Derivable forms: svatvahetuḥ (स्वत्वहेतुः)....
Uttarābhāsa (उत्तराभास).—a false reply, an indirect, evasive, or prevaricating reply. °ता, -त्व...
Virodhābhāsa (विरोधाभास) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by C...
Hetu Sutta
Hetu, (Vedic hetu, fr. hi to impel) 1. cause, reason, condition S.I, 134; A.III, 440 sq.; Dhs...
1) Hetupratyaya (हेतुप्रत्यय) refers to the “twelve causes and conditions” (dvādaśa-hetupr...
Asaddhetu (असद्धेतु).—1) a statement having exceptions (in nyāya). 2) a bad or fallacious hetu;...

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