Hetvabhasa, Hetvābhāsa, Hetu-abhasa: 10 definitions
Hetvabhasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Nyaya (school of philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nyāya
Hetvābhāsa (हेत्वाभास) refers to “fallacy”. It is one of the sixteen categories of discussion (padārtha) according to the doctrine of the Nyāya-sūtras by Akṣapāda. The sixteen padārthas represent a method of intellectual analysis and categorize everything that is knowable and nameable.Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories
Hetvābhāsa (हेत्वाभास, “fallacy”) refers to the thirteenth of the sixteen padārthas (“categories”) in the first chapter of Gautama’s Nyāyasūtra (2nd century CE). Hetvābhāsa is that which is not a real hetu or reason of an inference, but appear as the hetu. According to Gautama those are known as hetvābhāsas (fallacies) of a reason which are erratic, contradictory, and same to the question, unproved and mistimed.
Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
hētvābhāsa (हेत्वाभास).—m S Fallacious semblance of reason or argument; a false or a foolish reason or cause assigned.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
hētvābhāsa (हेत्वाभास).—m Fallacious semblance of reason.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Hetvābhāsa (हेत्वाभास).—'the semblance of a reason', a fallacious middle term, fallacy; (it is of five kinds :-savyabhicāra or anaikāntika, viruddha, asiddha, satpratipakṣa and bādhita).
Derivable forms: hetvābhāsaḥ (हेत्वाभासः).
Hetvābhāsa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms hetu and ābhāsa (आभास).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-saḥ) (In logic,) Fallacious semblance of reason or argument, assignment of proof or cause which can be shewn to be incorrect, the faulty reasoning for an inference; it is of five kinds, viz:—Byabhichara, Birud'Dhata, Asid'Dhi, Satpratipak Shata, and Badha. E. hetu, and ābhāsa semblance.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Hetvābhāsa (हेत्वाभास).—m. fallacious reason or middle term.
Hetvābhāsa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms hetu and ābhāsa (आभास).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Hetvābhāsa (हेत्वाभास).—[masculine] a mere appearance of a reason or argument.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
1) Hetvābhāsa (हेत्वाभास) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[nyāya] Paris. (B 54). Pheh. 13. Rādh. 16.
—by Kṛṣṇa Bhaṭṭa. Oudh. Xv, 96.
—by Gadādhara. Oppert. Ii, 3906. 4235. 9694. Sb. 169.
—by Jagadīśa. Oudh. V, 20.
—by Bhavānanda. Bp. 307.
—by Mathurānātha. Oudh. V, 22. Bhr. 759. Oppert. Ii, 9695.
2) Hetvābhāsa (हेत्वाभास):—[nyāya] Gb. 117.
—by Gadādhara. Rgb. 785.
—by Mathurānātha. Fl. 484.
1) Hetvābhāsa (हेत्वाभास):—[=hetv-ābhāsa] [from hetv > heti] m. (in logic) a mere appearance of a reason, fallacious semblance of an argument, fallacious middle term, fallacy (said to be of 5 kinds, viz. vyabhicāra or sa-vyobhicāra, viruddha, asiddha, sat-pratipakṣa, bādha or bādhita), [Nyāyasūtra; Tarkasaṃgraha; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]
2) [v.s. ...] Name of various works.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+1): Hetvabhasanirupana, Hetvabhasavyakhya, Hetvabhasadidhititippani, Savyabhicara, Asaddhetu, Visheshanasiddha, Padartha, Shodasha Padartha, Abhasa, Satpratipaksha, Anupasamharin, Asadharana, Anaikantika, Nyaya, Asiddha, Badha, Krishnambhatta, Krishna bhatta arde, Jagadisha tarkalamkara bhattacarya, Gadadhara bhattacarya.
Search found 7 books and stories containing Hetvabhasa, Hetvābhāsa, Hētvābhāsa, Hetu-abhasa, Hetu-ābhāsa, Hetv-abhasa, Hetv-ābhāsa; (plurals include: Hetvabhasas, Hetvābhāsas, Hētvābhāsas, abhasas, ābhāsas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
A study of the philosophy of Jainism (by Deepa Baruah)
Chapter I.g - A brief description of Prameyakamalamārtaṇḍa < [Chapter I - Introduction]
Chapter II.c - Classification of Pramāṇa < [Chapter II - Jaina theory of Knowledge]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 20 - The necessity of the Acquirement of debating devices for the seeker of Salvation < [Chapter VIII - The Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika Philosophy]
Part 17 - Inference (anumāna) < [Chapter VIII - The Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika Philosophy]
Part 5 - Philosophy in the Nyāya sūtras < [Chapter VIII - The Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika Philosophy]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 2 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 13 - Logical Speculations and Terms relating to Academic Dispute < [Chapter XIII - Speculations in the Medical Schools]
Part 21 - Dialectic of Śaṅkara and Ānandajñāna < [Chapter XI - The Śaṅkara School of Vedānta (continued)]
Philosophy of Charaka-samhita (by Asokan. G)
Ten technical debate terms [in Charaka philosophy] < [Chapter 7 - Logic and Dialectical Speculations]
Dialectical terms (23): Fallacies of reason (ahetu) < [Chapter 7 - Logic and Dialectical Speculations]
Fundamental Categories (padārtha or tattva) [in Charaka philosophy] < [Chapter 2 - Fundamental Categories]
Brahma Sutras (Vedanta Sutras) (by George Thibaut)
The Sarva-Darsana-Samgraha (by E. B. Cowell)