Hemaprabha, Hemaprabhā: 4 definitions


Hemaprabha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Hemaprabha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Hemaprabha (हेमप्रभ).—See under Vallabha.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Hemaprabha in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Hemaprabha (हेमप्रभ) is the name of a king from the city Kāñcanaśṛṅga, situated on the mountain named Himavat, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 35. Accordingly, “and in it [Kāñcanaśṛṅga] there lives a king of the Vidyādharas named Hemaprabha, who is a firm votary of the husband of Umā. And though he has many wives he has only one queen, whom he loves dearly, named Alaṅkāraprabhā, as dear to him as Rohiṇī to the moon. With her the virtuous king [Hemaprabha] used to rise up in the morning and bathe, and worship duly Śiva and his wife Gaurī, and then he would descend to the world of men, and give to poor Brāhmans every day a thousand gold pieces mixed with jewels. And then he returned from earth and attended to his kingly duties justly, and then he ate and drank, abiding by his vow like a hermit”.

2) Hemaprabhā (हेमप्रभा) is the wife of the Vidyādhara king Sphaṭikayaśas from Kāñcanaśṛṅga, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 58. Accordingly, as Śaktiyaśas said to Naravāhanadatta: “... know that I am his [Sphaṭikayaśas’] daughter, born to him by the Queen Hemaprabhā, in consequence of a boon granted by Gaurī. And I, being the youngest child, and having five brothers, and being dear to my father as his life, kept by his advice propitiating Gaurī with vows and hymns”.

3) Hemaprabhā (हेमप्रभा) is also mentioned as the wife of the Vidyādhara king Padmakūṭa from Kāñcanābha, according to the same chapter. Accordingly, as Manorathaprabhā said to Somaprabha: “... know that I am the daughter of that king [Padmakūṭa] by his Queen Hemaprabhā, and that my name is Manorathaprabhā, and my father loves me more than his life”.

4) Hemaprabha (हेमप्रभ) is the son of king Buddhiprabha and Ratnarekhā from Ratnākara, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 66. Accordingly: “... and there was born to him [king Buddhiprabha] by his queen, named Ratnarekhā, a daughter, named Hemaprabhā, the most beautiful woman in the whole world. And since she was a Vidyādharī, that had fallen to earth by a curse, she was fond of amusing herself by swinging, on account of the pleasure that she felt in recalling the impressions of her roaming through the air in her former existence”.

5) Hemaprabha (हेमप्रभ) is the name of a parrot (śuka), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 72. Accordingly, as king Vinītamati said to Somaśūra: “... a long time ago there lived on the Vindhya mountain a continent king of parrots, named Hemaprabha, who was an incarnation of a portion of a Buddha, and was rich in chastity that he had practised during a former birth. He remembered his former state and was a teacher of virtue”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Hemaprabha, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Hemaprabha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hemaprabha (हेमप्रभ):—[=hema-prabha] [from hema > heman] m. ‘having a g° lustre’, Name of a Vidyādhara (f(ā). ), [Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) [v.s. ...] of a king of the parrots, [ib.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Hemaprabha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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