Hayashiras, Hayaśiras, Haya-shiras: 8 definitions

Introduction:

Hayashiras means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Hayaśiras can be transliterated into English as Hayasiras or Hayashiras, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda

Hayaśiras (हयशिरस्, “horse-headed”) refers to a kind of mythical weapon. It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Dhanurveda book cover
context information

Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Hayashiras in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Hayaśiras (हयशिरस्).—Hayagrīva. (See Hayagrīva V).

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Hayaśiras (हयशिरस्).—According to the Mahābhārata, the fire of sage Aurva’s anger, cast into the sea, became the great Hayaśiras. The Viṣṇu Purāṇa and the Mārkaṇḍeya Purāṇa state that Viṣṇu appears as Hayaśiras in Bhadrāśva.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra

Hayaśiras (हयशिरस्) is a name of Viṣṇu mentioned in the Śāstrāvatāra portion of the 9th century Hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra.—“[...] for what reason did the mighty Viṣṇu previously become manifest as Hayaśīra [Hayaśiras] and what was the reason that the Lord of the Gods assumed a radiant body? [...] Mighty Lord Hayaśīrṣa—who was the slayer of Madhu and Kaiṭabha—when he was in the cosmic ocean—was asked by you Bhṛgu about the Pañcarātra. [...]”.

Hayaśira [Hayaśiras], Hayaśīrṣa and Hayagrīva are all names for the same horse-headed incarnation of Viṣṇu; haya means horse and śira, śīrṣa, head and grīva, neck, respectively.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Hayashiras in Hinduism glossary
Source: Google Books: A Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism

1) Hayaśiras (हयशिरस्), also Hayaśirsa, Hayagrīva (‘horse-head’, ‘horse neck’).—The eighteenth avatāra of Viṣṇu, revealer of sacred lore.

2) Hayaśiras (हयशिरस्).—A demon who stole the Veda and was slain by Viṣṇu in the form of the Matsya-avatāra.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Hayashiras in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hayaśiras (हयशिरस्).—1. [neuter] a horse’s head; [Name] of a cert. myth. weapon.

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Hayaśiras (हयशिरस्).—2. [adjective] having a horse’s head; [masculine] a form of Viṣṇu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hayaśiras (हयशिरस्):—[=haya-śiras] [from haya] n. a h°’s head, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] mfn. having a h°’s head (as the sun), [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Viṣṇu (in the form of Haya-grīva), [Harivaṃśa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] f. Name of a daughter of Puloman, [Harivaṃśa]

5) [v.s. ...] of a daughter of Vaiśvānara (also -śirā), [Purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] n. a [particular] mythical weapon, [Rāmāyaṇa; Harivaṃśa]

[Sanskrit to German]

Hayashiras in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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