Hayana, Hāyana: 13 definitions



Hayana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Hāyana (हायन) is a Sanskrit word for a species of rice (śāli) which is said to have an inferior quality, according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The literal translation of the word is “flame” or “ray”. The plant Hāyana is part of the Śūkadhānyavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of awned grains”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Hāyana (हायन) refers to “red rice growing in a year” according to the Yajurveda-saṃhita (and brāhmaṇa), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The discussions on rice can be seen only in post-Ṛgvedic literature. [...] Yajurvedic Saṃhitas and Brāhmaṇas mentions kṛṣṇavrīhi (black rice), śuklavrīhi (white rice), mahāvrīhi (long rice), nīvāra (wild rice), hāyana (red rice growing in a year), āśu (swift growing rice) and māsūsya (a sort of wild rice) as varieties of rice.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Hāyana (हायन) denotes a ‘year’, usually in compounds. In the Kāṭhaka-saṃhitā and the Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa (v. 3. 3. 6) the term appears as a designation of a species of red rice. As an adjective in the sense of ‘lasting a year’ or ‘recurring every year’, it is applied to fever in the Atharvaveda.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

hāyana : (nt.) diminution; decay; decrease; a year.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Hāyana, 2 (nt.) (Vedic hāyana) year; in saṭṭhi° 60 years old (of an elephant) M.I, 229; J.II, 343; VI, 448, 581. (Page 731)

2) Hāyana, 1 (nt.) (fr. ) diminution, decay, decrease D.I, 54; DA.I, 165. Opposed to vaḍḍhana (increase) at M.I, 518. (Page 731)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hayana (हयन).—A year.

-nam A covered carriage.

Derivable forms: hayanaḥ (हयनः).

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Hāyana (हायन).—a. A year; त्रस्तैकहायनकुरङ्गविलोलदृष्टेः (trastaikahāyanakuraṅgaviloladṛṣṭeḥ) U.3. 28; Māl.4.8.

-naḥ 1 A kind of rice.

2) A flame.

Derivable forms: hāyanaḥ (हायनः), hāyanam (हायनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Hayana (हयन).—[, assumed by Senart's em. with Sanskrit Lex., Amarakośa, id. (v.l. ḍayana), litter, palanquin, in Mahāvastu i.109.1 (āryā verse) where mss. na-varehi, Senart hayana-va°, but yāna-va° is simpler and quite as good in both meter and sense; again in ii.171.10 (prose) Senart onaddha- hayane, but mss. -puṇya, -puṇyaṃ; in the corresp. incident in the Pali form of the same story, Jātaka (Pali) iii.61.6, we find paṭicchanna-yāne; -yāne is at least as close to the mss. as Senart's -hayane, and might better be adopted.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hayana (हयन).—n.

(-naṃ) A covered carriage. m.

(-naḥ) A year. E. hay to go, lyuṭ aff.

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Hāyana (हायन).—mn.

(-naḥ-naṃ) A year. m.

(-naḥ) 1. A flame, a ray. 2. A sort of rice. E. to go or like, lyuṭ aff., yuk augment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hayana (हयन).—i. e. hi + ana, I. m. A year. Ii. n. A covered carriage.

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Hāyana (हायन).—i. e. hayana + a, I. m. and n. A year, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 154. Ii. m. 1. A flame. 2. A sort of rice

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hāyana (हायन).—1. [masculine] [neuter] year (also [feminine] ī); [masculine] a kind of red rice.

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Hāyana (हायन).—2. [feminine] ī yearly, annual.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hayana (हयन):—[from haya] a m. a year (cf. hāyana), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] n. a covered carriage or palanquin (also read ḍayana ; See under √ḍī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Hāyana (हायन):—[from ] 1. hāyana mf(ā or ī)n. (for 2. See p. 1297, col. 1) quitting, leaving, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

4) [v.s. ...] passing away, [ib.]

5) 2. hāyana mn. ([according to] to native authorities [from] √1. or 2. ; but cf. hayana) a year (ifc. f(ī). , and [according to] to [Patañjali on Pāṇini 4-1, 27] also f(ā). ), [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

6) m. a sort of red rice ([plural] its grains), [Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

7) a flame, ray, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) mfn. lasting a year or returning every year (applied to Takman, q.v.), [Atharva-veda]

9) Hayana (हयन):—[from hi] b etc. See p.1288, [columns] 2, 3.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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