Hathasharman, Haṭhaśarman: 3 definitions



Hathasharman means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Haṭhaśarman can be transliterated into English as Hathasarman or Hathasharman, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Hathasharman in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Haṭhaśarman (हठशर्मन्) is the name of a Brāhman from Kauśāmbī, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 52. Accordingly as Aśokamālā said to queen Alaṅkāravatī in the presence Naravāhanadatta: “... I am the daughter of a Kṣatriya in this city, named Balasena, and my name is Aśokamālā. When I was a virgin I was demanded from my father by a rich Brāhman named Haṭhaśarman, who was captivated by my beauty”.

It was later reveal that Haṭhaśarman was the incarnation of the Vidyādhara Sthūlabhuja: “... know that I am that very Sthūlabhuja, fallen here by a curse, and I have experienced great grief owing to the fault of pride. How can proud men have happiness in a previous or in a present state of existence? And that curse of mine is now at an end”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Haṭhaśarman, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Hathasharman in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Haṭhaśarman (हठशर्मन्):—[=haṭha-śarman] [from haṭha > haṭh] m. Name of a Brāhman, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Haṭhaśarman (हठशर्मन्):—m. Nomen proprium eines Brahmanen [Kathāsaritsāgara 52, 35. fgg.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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