Hatakeshvara, aka: Hāṭakeśvara, Hataka-ishvara; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Hatakeshvara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Hāṭakeśvara can be transliterated into English as Hatakesvara or Hatakeshvara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Hāṭakeśvara (हाटकेश्वर):—Fifth of the nine male deities, presiding over the Dūtīcakra, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra. They originated from Ananta (presiding deity of the Dūtīcakra), who multiplies himself nine times. These nine deities divide themself each nine times, resulting in the eighty-one Dūtīs.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Hāṭakeśvara (हाटकेश्वर) is the Sanskrit name of a deity presiding over Pātāla, one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, which is one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas and presiding deities (eg., Hāṭakeśvara) is found in the commentary on the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana

Hāṭakeśvara (हाटकेश्वर).—The name as the Lord enshrined in Vitala.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 24. 17.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Katha (narrative stories)

Hāṭakeśvara (हाटकेश्वर).—Soḍḍhala has also referred to Hāṭakeśvara twice in the text. An aged sage Pātālagaṇa by name has been said to be a devotee of Hāṭakeśvara. Having received Brahma lotuses for the worship of the deity in Caitrikā Parvan cn the full moon day of Caitra, he returned from heaven to the earth.

In the second reference Soḍḍhala suggests that Hāṭakeśvara, the original deity of the sacred shrine of Hāṭakeśvara was in the Nāgaloka; the serpent region. This suggestion can he obtained from the mention of Tārākirīṭa who worships Hāṭakeśvara on one Aṣṭamī day, in the serpent region.

At present, Hāṭakeśvara is a favourite god of the Nāgaras of Gujarat. According to Mānaśaṅkarbhāi in Nāgrotpatti, Hāṭakeśvara is an original god of Nāga people but later on he was received by Nāgaras when the god arrived at Vaḍanagara from the Pātāla region.

(Source): Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Relevant definitions

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Vishveshvara
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Dhaneshvara
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