Hastishyamaka, Hastiśyāmāka, Hasti-shyamaka, Hastin-shyamaka: 4 definitions


Hastishyamaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Hastiśyāmāka can be transliterated into English as Hastisyamaka or Hastishyamaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Hastishyamaka in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Hastiśyāmāka (हस्तिश्यामाक) is a Sanskrit word referring to Echinochloa crusgalli-Beauv, which is a variety of Śyāmāka (Panicum Frumentaceum, or ‘Indian barnyard millet’). It is a type of “awned grain” (śūkadhānya), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The word is derived from hasti (‘green’) and śyāmaka (‘dark-coloured’) which is derived from śyāma (‘black’ or ‘dark’). The plant Hastiśyāmāka is part of the Śūkadhānyavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of awned grains”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. Hastiśyāmāka is similar to Śyāmāka in properties, which it is said to be astringent-sweet and light in character. It also aggravates vāta and alleviates kapha and pitta. It is cold, constipating and absorbent.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Hastishyamaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hastiśyāmāka (हस्तिश्यामाक).—a kind of millet.

Derivable forms: hastiśyāmākaḥ (हस्तिश्यामाकः).

Hastiśyāmāka is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms hastin and śyāmāka (श्यामाक).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hastiśyāmāka (हस्तिश्यामाक):—[=hasti-śyāmāka] [from hasti > hasta] m. a kind of millet, [Caraka]

[Sanskrit to German]

Hastishyamaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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