Harshavardhana, Harṣavardhana, Harsha-vardhana: 7 definitions



Harshavardhana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Harṣavardhana can be transliterated into English as Harsavardhana or Harshavardhana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

India history and geography

[«previous next»] — Harshavardhana in India history glossary
Source: Wikipedia: India History

Harshavardhana (Sanskrit:हर्षवर्धन) (c. 590–647), commonly called Harsha, was an Indian emperor who ruled northern India from 606 to 647 from his capital Kanauj. He belonged to Pushyabhuti Dynasty. He was a Vaishya. He was the son of Prabhakara Vardhana who defeated the Hun invaders and the younger brother of Rajya Vardhana, a king of Thanesar, Haryana.

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal

Harṣavardhana (हर्षवर्धन) is the name of the king of Kanauj who was defeated by Pulakeśin II around the year 612 AD. The date varies as two charts give two different years for the same event. In one the śaka year has expired, whereas in the other the running year is given. Anyway, it does not make much difference. This victory over the ruler of Kanauj made the position of Pulikeśin II secure in the north and the king acquired the title Parameśvara, "supreme seignior".

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Harshavardhana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Harṣavardhana (हर्षवर्धन).—Name of a great king od Northern India and founder of an era, A. D.65 or 66.

Derivable forms: harṣavardhanaḥ (हर्षवर्धनः).

Harṣavardhana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms harṣa and vardhana (वर्धन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Harṣavardhana (हर्षवर्धन).—[masculine] [Name] of a king, [plural] of a people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Harṣavardhana (हर्षवर्धन) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—son of Śrīvardhana: Liṅgānuśāsana. He quotes Vyāḍi, Śaṅkara, Candra, Vararuci, Pāṇiṇi. Report. Cxxxix.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Harṣavardhana (हर्षवर्धन):—[=harṣa-vardhana] [from harṣa] m. a kind of musical composition, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a powerful king of Northern India (said to have founded an era, A.D. 605 or 606)

3) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] Name of a people, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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