Harshaka, Harṣaka: 10 definitions


Harshaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Harṣaka can be transliterated into English as Harsaka or Harshaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Harṣaka (हर्षक) is a Sanskrit word referring to one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The presiding deity residing over the liṅga in this place (Harṣaka) is similarly-named Harṣaka. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas is found in the commentary of the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Harṣaka (हर्षक) refers to a “snake-shaped ornament” and is classified as an ornament (ābharaṇa) for the neck (kaṇṭha) to be worn by males, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Such ornaments for males should be used in cases of gods and kings.

Ābharaṇa (‘ornaments’, eg., harṣaka) is a category of alaṃkāra, or “decorations”, which in turn is a category of nepathya, or “costumes and make-up”, the perfection of which forms the main concern of the Āhāryābhinaya, or “extraneous representation”, a critical component for a successful dramatic play.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

harṣaka (हर्षक).—a S That rejoices, delights, gladdens.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Harṣaka (हर्षक).—a. (-rṣakā or -rṣikā f.) [हृष्-णिच्-ण्वुल् (hṛṣ-ṇic-ṇvul)] Delighting, gladdening, delightful, pleasing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Harṣaka (हर्षक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-rṣakā or -rṣikā-kaṃ) Delighting, pleasing, delightful. m.

(-kaḥ) The name of a mountain. E. hṛṣ to be pleased, aff. khul .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Harṣaka (हर्षक).—i. e. hṛṣ + aka, I. adj. Delighting. Ii. m. The name of a mountain.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Harṣaka (हर्षक).—[adjective] delighting (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Harṣaka (हर्षक):—[from harṣa] a mfn. thrilling, setting on edge (See danta-h)

2) [v.s. ...] gladdening, delighting, [Rāmāyaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a mountain, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] of a son of Citra-gupta, [Catalogue(s)]

5) [v.s. ...] of a king belonging to the Śaiśunāga dynasty, [ib.]

6) [from hṛṣ] b etc. See p.1292.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Harṣaka (हर्षक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a.] Delighting, pleasing. m. Name of a mountain.

[Sanskrit to German]

Harshaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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