Harisimha, Harisiṃha: 6 definitions



Harisimha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Harisimha in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Harisiṃha (हरिसिंह) is the name of an ancient king according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 34. Accordingly, “... and there was a king named Harisiṃha, of ordinary power, but versed in the true science of policy, who had surrounded himself with devoted and wise ministers, possessed forts and stores of wealth; he made his subjects devoted to him, and conducted himself in such a way that, though attacked by an emperor, he was not defeated”.

The story of Harisiṃha was narrated by Gomukha and Naravāhanadatta’s ministers in order to demonstrate that “discernment and reflection are the main things in governing a kingdom”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Harisiṃha, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Harisiṃha (हरिसिंह) is an example of a Vaiṣṇavite name mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. Classification of personal names according to deities (e.g., from Vaiṣṇavism) were sometimes used by more than one person and somehow seem to have been popular. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (e.g., Harisiṃha) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Harisimha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Harisiṃha (हरिसिंह).—[masculine] [Name] of a king.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Harisiṃha (हरिसिंह) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—king of Karṇāta, patron of the author of Vratasaṃgraha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Harisiṃha (हरिसिंह):—[=hari-siṃha] [from hari] m. Name of a king, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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