Harishena, Hariṣeṇa, Harisena: 11 definitions
Harishena means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Hariṣeṇa can be transliterated into English as Harisena or Harishena, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Hariṣeṇa (हरिषेण).—A Kinnara with a man's face.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 35.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Jainism)
Hariṣeṇa (हरिषेण), the son of Merā and Mahāhari, is one of the Cakrins (Cakravartins), according to chapter 1.6 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly: “[...] In Bharata there will be twenty-three other Arhats and eleven other Cakrins. [...] The Cakrins will belong to the gotra of Kaśyapa, gold-color, and eight of them will go to mokṣa. [...] Padma, the son of Jvālā and Padmottara, in Vārāṇasī, will live for thirty thousand years, twenty bows tall. In Kāmpīlya, Hariṣeṇa will be son of Merā and Mahāhari, living for ten thousand years, fifteen bows tall. These two will live while Muni and Nami are wandering (as Tīrthaṅkaras)”.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)
Hariṣeṇa (हरिषेण) refers to one of the two Indras (lords) of the Vidyutakumāra (lightning youths) class of “residential celestial beings” (bhavanavāsin), itself a main division of devas (celestial beings) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.3. The Vidyutakumāras are luminous like an electric. Hariṣeṇa and Harikānta are the two lords in the Fiendish-youths residential celestial beings.Source: academia.edu: Tessitori Collection I
Hariṣeṇa (हरिषेण) is the father of Ṛṣidattā, according to the Ṛṣidattārāsa (dealing with the lives of Jain female heroes), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—Accordingly, “Kanakaratha had been engaged to Rukmiṇī, but while on a trip to join her, he met a young female ascetic called Ṛṣidattā because she was born in a hermitage where her parents, Hariṣeṇa and Prītimatī, had become ascetics. She had been brought up by her father after her mother died when she was born. Kanakaratha and Ṛṣidattā lived together in the forest for some time. The girl’s father died by ritual suicide through the fire. The young couple set out for Kanakaratha’s city. [...]”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geography
Hariṣeṇa (हरिषेण) is an example of a Vaiṣṇavite name mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. Classification of personal names according to deities (e.g., from Vaiṣṇavism) were sometimes used by more than one person and somehow seem to have been popular. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (e.g., Hariṣeṇa) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.Source: Shodhganga: Ajanta’s antiquity
Hariṣeṇa (r. 480-510 CE) is a king from the Eastern Vākāṭakas (Nandivardhana branch) dynasty of ancient India. During the rule of the Vākāṭakas (founded by Vindhyaśakti), there was a burst of patronage and creative energy directed at the Ajantā caves at West-Khandesh (West-Khaṇḍeśa, modern Jalgaon) that existed since the 3rd century BCE. During this time the region was ruled by kings (e.g., Hariṣeṇa) and descendants of the Sātavāhana lineage. Hariṣeṇa was preceded by Devaṣeṇa.
It was after Hariṣeṇa’s accession to the throne (c. 460 CE) that the latter phase of Ajantā began. Spink says that Hariṣeṇa himself was involved in the renaissance of Ajantā, and the plans, layout, designs and everything else was being prepared and directed from inside the royal court of Hariṣeṇa. That is why on the death of Hariṣeṇa around circa 477 CE every development at Ajantā was adversely affected, and within a year or two, the site was abandoned in the aftermath of the resulting empire-wide chaos.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
(-ṇaḥ) The tenth of the twelve universal emperor enumerated by the Jainas. E. hari Vishnu, &c., senā a host.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
Harisena (हरिसेन) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—of Benares: Rājanīti.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Hariṣeṇa (हरिषेण):—[=hari-ṣeṇa] [from hari] m. (ṣeṇa for sena [from] senā) Name of a son of the 10th Manu, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]
2) [v.s. ...] of the 10th of the Jaina Cakra-vartins in Bhārata, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
3) Harisena (हरिसेन):—[=hari-sena] [from hari] m. Name of a minister of Samudra-gupta, [Inscriptions]
4) [v.s. ...] of an author, [Catalogue(s)]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Hariṣeṇa (हरिषेण):—[hari-ṣeṇa] (ṇaḥ) 1. m. The 10th of the twelve Jaina emperors.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+1): Harisheni, Harisuta, Harishenya, Terapura, Rajaniti, Vardhamanapura, Mera, Mahahari, Harikanta, Tagarapura, Badnawar, Vidyutkumara, Devasena, Rishidatta, Pritimati, Uposatha, Kanakaratha, Upendragupta, Jvala, Padmottara.
Search found 5 books and stories containing Harishena, Hariṣeṇa, Harisena, Hari-shena, Hari-ṣeṇa, Hari-sena; (plurals include: Harishenas, Hariṣeṇas, Harisenas, shenas, ṣeṇas, senas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 4: Birth of Hariṣeṇa < [Chapter XII - Śrī Hariṣeṇacakricaritra]
Part 6: Hariṣeṇa’s mokṣa (emancipation) < [Chapter XII - Śrī Hariṣeṇacakricaritra]
Part 1: Invocation < [Chapter XII - Śrī Hariṣeṇacakricaritra]
Bhagavati-sutra (Viyaha-pannatti) (by K. C. Lalwani)
Part 3 - On patriarchs < [Chapter 5]
Jain Remains of Ancient Bengal (by Shubha Majumder)
The worship of Stūpa among the Jainas < [Chapter 6 - Iconographic Study of Jaina Sculptural Remains]
Geographical as well as Geo-political unit of Zone IV < [Chapter 2 - Geographical Setting of the Study Area]
Jainism in Ancient Bengal < [Chapter 3 - Historical Background of Jainism in Ancient Bengal]
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)
Expansion of the Gupta Empire < [May-June, 1929]