Hanumat, Hanūmat: 8 definitions

Introduction:

Hanumat means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Hanūmat (हनूमत्) is the name of a deity to be meditated upon before the commencement of the meals, according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), which deals with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Accordingly, [...] one must also meditate upon Hanūmat before the commencement of the meals praying thus:—“I meditate upon Lord Hanūmat, the son of Añjanā, so that the effects of evil eyes are ameliorated)” (cf. Bhojanakutūhala I.1476).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Hanumat (हनुमत्) is the name of a deity, according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Hanumat (हनुमत्) or Hanuman is the son of Añjanā and Pavana (son of Vidyādhara-king Prahlāda), according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.2 [Rāvaṇa’s expedition of conquest] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, “[...] Since he had come to the city Hanuruha as soon as he was born, the uncle gave the name Hanumat (Hanuman) to her son. And because the mountain had been reduced to powder by his fall from the car, he gave him another name also, Śrīśaila. Hanumat grew up, playing happily, like a young rājahaṃsa in a bed of lotuses in Mānasa”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hanumat (हनुमत्) or Hanūmat (हनूमत्).—m. Name of a powerful monkey-chief. [He was the son of Añjanā by the god Wind or Marut and hence called Māruti. He is represented as a monkey of extraordinary strength and prowess which he mainifested on several critical occasions on behalf of Rāma whom he regarded as the idol of his heart. When Sītā was carried off by Rāvaṇa, he crossed the sea and brought news about her to his lord. He played a very important part in the great war at Laṅkā.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hanumat (हनुमत्).—m. (-mān) 1. The monkey chief Hanuman, the son of Anjana, by Pavana or the wind, the friend, ally and spy of Ramachandra, in his invasion of Lanka. 2. A particular sort of monkey, (Simia sinica.) E. hanu the jaw, and matup aff.; also with hanū, hanūmat m. (-mān).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Hanumat (हनुमत्) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—is by report the author of the Khaṇḍapraśasti and Hanumannāṭaka. Verses attributed to him are given in Śp. p. 96. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa] [Subhāshitāvali by Vallabhadeva] Padyāvalī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hanumat (हनुमत्):—[=hanu-mat] [from hanu] a etc. See below.

2) [=hanu-mat] [from hanu] b m. ‘having (large) jaws’, Name of a monkey-chief (one of the most celebrated of a host of semi-divine monkey-like beings, who, according to, [Rāmāyaṇa i, 16], were created to become the allies of Rāma-candra in his war with Rāvaṇa; Hanumat was held to be a son of Pavana or Māruta, ‘the Wind’; and is fabled to have assumed any form at will, wielded rocks, removed mountains, mounted the air, seized the clouds, and rivalled Garuḍa in swiftness of flight; according to other legends, Hanumat was son of Śiva; his mother’s name was Añjanā q.v.; in modern times Han° is a very common village god in the Dekhan, Central and Upper India cf. [Religious Thought and Life in India 220]), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] a particular sort of monkey, Simia Sinica, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) Hanūmat (हनूमत्):—[=hanū-mat] [from hanu] m. etc. = hanu-mat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hanumat (हनुमत्):—(mān) 5. m. The monkey chief Hanumān, Rāma’s friend.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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