Hani, Hāni: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Hani means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Hāni (हानि):—Loss

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Hāni (हानि) refers to “destruction” [=“loss”?], according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.14 (“The Birth of Tāraka and Vajrāṅga”).—Accordingly, as Vajrāṅga said to Varāṅgī: “My beloved wishes enmity with the gods. It does not appeal to me. What shall I do? Where shall I go? How can my vow be preserved from destruction? If my wife’s wishes are fulfilled, the three worlds will be much distressed, so too the gods and the sages. If my beloved’s desires are not fulfilled, I am sure to be cast into hell. In either case righteousness will be lost [i.e., dharma-hāni]. This is what we have heard”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Hāni (हानि) refers to “destruction” (of bondage), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “When I, for whom confusion has gone, am the one who has attained solitariness, then certainly the bondage of life is destroyed [com.—bondage (saṃbandhaḥ) thus goes (yāti) to ruin (hāniṃ)] merely of its own accord”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

hani : (aor. of hanati) killed; striked; injured. || hāni (f.), decrease; loss; falling off.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Hāni, (f.) (cp. Sk. hāni) 1. decrease, loss A.II, 434; V, 123 sq.; S.I, 111; II, 206, 242; J.I, 338, 346.—2. falling off, waste Mhvs 33, 103. Cp. saṃ°, pari°. (Page 730)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

hāṇī (हाणी).—f Incorrect for hāni.

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hāni (हानि).—f (S) pop. hāna or hāṇa f Loss. 2 Detriment, injury, harm, in a wider sense; as privation, deprivation, or diminution of good; destruction, extinction, cessation of being or of present form, state, good quality &c.; damage, hurt, mischief, impairedness &c. Pr. āpalī hāni jagācēṃ hasēṃ. Ex. of compounds--dhanahāni, vittahāni, vaibhava- hāni, mahatvahāni.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

hāni (हानि).—f Loss. Detriment; damage; destruction.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hāni (हानि).—f. [hā-ktin tasya niḥ]

1) Abandonment, relinquishment.

2) Loss, failure, absence, non-existence; क्वचित्तु स्फुटालंकारविरहेऽपि न काव्यत्वहानिः (kvacittu sphuṭālaṃkāravirahe'pi na kāvyatvahāniḥ) K. P.1 'it does not cease to be a Kāvya' &c.

3) Loss, damage, detriment; ग्रासोद्गलितसिक्थेन का हानिः करिणो भवेत् (grāsodgalitasikthena kā hāniḥ kariṇo bhavet) Subhāṣ. का नो हानिः (kā no hāniḥ) Sarva S.

4) Decrease, deficiency; यथा हानिः क्रमप्राप्ता तथा वृद्धिः क्रमागता (yathā hāniḥ kramaprāptā tathā vṛddhiḥ kramāgatā) Hariv.; Y.2.27,244.

5) Neglect, omission, breach; प्रतिज्ञा°, कार्य° (pratijñā°, kārya°).

6) Passing away, waste, loss; कालहानि (kālahāni) R.13.16.

7) = गतिः (gatiḥ) (from 3 Ā.); हानिभङ्गविकल्पानां नवानां संचयेन च (hānibhaṅgavikalpānāṃ navānāṃ saṃcayena ca) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.239.33.

Derivable forms: hāniḥ (हानिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hāni (हानि).—f.

(-niḥ) 1. Loss. 2. Abandonment. 3. Deficiency, decrease. 4. Neglect. E. to leave, Unadi aff. ni .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hāni (हानि).—[hā + ni] 2., f. 1. Abandonment, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 2, 65. 2. Privation, absence, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 83. 3. Diminution, neglecting, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 86, 10. 4. Loss, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 157, M. M. 5. Want, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 179.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hāni (हानि).—[feminine] abandonment, relinquishment, want, privation, decrease, detriment, damage, loss, ruin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hani (हनि):—[from han] m. or f. a weapon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Hāni (हानि):—[from ] f. ([according to] to some [from] √han) abandonment, relinquishment, [Kuvalayānanda]

3) [v.s. ...] taking off, laying aside (ornaments), [Subhāṣitāvali]

4) [v.s. ...] decrease, diminution, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] deprivation of ([ablative]), [Gautama-dharma-śāstra]

6) [v.s. ...] damage, loss, failure (also in a lawsuit), ruin, [Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] insufficiency, deficit, a minus, [Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Mahābhārata] cessation, disappearance, non-existence, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hāni (हानि):—(niḥ) 2. f. Loss, privation; leaving.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Hāni (हानि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Haṇi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Hani in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Hāni (हानि):—(nf) loss; damage; detriment; harm; ~[kara/~kāraka/~kārī] damaging: harmful; detrimental; —[uṭhānā] to sustain a loss/damage; —[pahuṃcānā] to harm, to cause damage to.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Haṇi (हणि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Hāni.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Haṇi (ಹಣಿ):—

1) [verb] to bow one’s body or head or make any symbolic gesture to greeting, worship, show or reverence, etc.

2) [verb] to give way (to); to yield; to succumb.

3) [verb] to be satisfied.

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Haṇi (ಹಣಿ):—

1) [verb] to give a severe beating to; to thrash.

2) [verb] to flatten the dough of capātis or papads by rolling on with a roller-pin.

3) [verb] to beat with heavy hammer the blade of a red hot weapon or instrument (as sword, sickle, etc.), to sharpen it.

4) [verb] to cut off; to sever.

5) [verb] to squeeze (as to take out the juice).

6) [verb] to fight; to have physical combat.

7) [verb] to defeat or destroy completely.

8) [verb] to be destroyed completely.

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Haṇi (ಹಣಿ):—[noun] = ಹಣೆ [hane]2.

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Hani (ಹನಿ):—

1) [verb] (a liquid) to fall in drops.

2) [verb] to be consisting of water drops.

3) [verb] (rain) to fall.

4) [verb] to fall like rain.

5) [verb] to flow or leak out slowly; to ooze; to seep.

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Hani (ಹನಿ):—

1) [noun] a small quantity of liquid that is spherical or somewhat so; a drop.

2) [noun] water drops falling from cloud, continuously; rain.

3) [noun] the condensation formed, usu. during the night, as on lawns, as result of relatively warm air contacting a cool surface; dew.

4) [noun] the quality of being cool; coolness.

5) [noun] a drop of tear.

6) [noun] sweet smell.

7) [noun] (fig.) a very small quantity of anything.

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Hāni (ಹಾನಿ):—[noun] (hist.) a particular unit of measure.

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Hāni (ಹಾನಿ):—

1) [noun] a desroying or being destroyed.

2) [noun] injury or harm to a person or thing, resulting in a loss of soundness or value; damage.

3) [noun] the quality or state of being deficient; absence of something essential; deficiency.

4) [noun] disadvantage, deprivation, etc. cause by losing something; loss.

5) [noun] a diminishing or being diminished; decrease; diminution.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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