Hamsi, Haṃsi, Hamshi: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Hamsi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

1) Haṃsī (हंसी) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., haṃsī) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

2) Haṃsī (हंसी) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., haṃsī) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

3) Haṃsī (हंसी) refers to one of the 34 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the Vṛttamaṇimañjūṣā, whose authorship could be traced (also see the “New Catalogus Catalogorum” XXXI. p. 7).

Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)

Haṃsī (हंसी) is the name of a catuṣpadi metre (as popularly employed by the Apabhraṃśa bards), as discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Haṃsī has 20 mātrās in each of its four lines, divided into the groups of 4, 5, 4, 5 and [S] mātrās.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Haṃsī (हंसी).—A daughter of Bhagīratha whom sage Kautsa married. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 137, Verse 26).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: academia.edu: Yakṣiṇī-sādhana in the Kakṣapuṭa tantra

Haṃsī (हंसी) is the name of one of the thirty-six Yakṣiṇīs mentioned in the Uḍḍāmareśvaratantra. In the yakṣiṇī-sādhana, the Yakṣiṇī is regarded as the guardian spirit who provides worldly benefits to the practitioner. The Yakṣiṇī (e.g., Haṃsī) provides, inter alia, daily food, clothing and money, tells the future, and bestows a long life, but she seldom becomes a partner in sexual practices.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Kavyashastra (science of poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Haṃsī (हंसी) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) [defined as उ.उ.उ.इ] of the Upajāti type as employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.—We find eleven examples of Haṃsī variety of Upajāti metre in the Bhīṣmacarita. The example of it is verse IV.17. [...] The other examples are as follows: X.14, X.17, X.34, X.46, XI.4, XI.13, XI.14, XI.27, XIV.8 and XIV.56.

Kavyashastra book cover
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Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Haṃsī (हंसी) (Cf. Haṃsinī) refers to the “female gander” (i.e., the mate of the gander), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—The Gander—Haṃsa—is the Full Moon and his mate—Haṃsī—is the New Moon within him. This inner state above, or on top of the Six Wheels, is explained in the following passage as a series of forms of Voidness. The discerning initiate will perceive that an allusion to the inner maṇḍala is also clearly implied.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Haṃsī (हंसी) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Haṃsa forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Vāyucakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the vāyucakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Haṃsī] and Vīras are dark blue in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

haṃsi : (aor. of haṃsati) bristled. || haṃsī (f.), a swan.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

haṃśī (हंशी) [or हशी, haśī].—f ( H) Derision, ridicule, laughing at. v kara, māṇḍa.

--- OR ---

haṃsī (हंसी).—f (S) A female swan, goose, or duck.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

haṃśī (हंशी).—f Derision, ridicule.

--- OR ---

haṃsī (हंसी).—f A female swan or duck.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Haṃsī (हंसी).—A female goose.

See also (synonyms): haṃsikā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Haṃsī (हंसी):—[from haṃsa] a f. a female goose, [Mṛcchakaṭikā; Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of various metres, [Śrutabodha; Chandomañjarī; Colebrooke]

3) [v.s. ...] of a daughter of Bhagīratha and wife of Kautsa, [Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] of a courtezan, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

5) [from haṃsa] b f. a female goose etc. (See 1. haṃsa).

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Haṃsī (हंसी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Haṃsī.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Haṃsī (हंसी):—(nf) laughter; joke; derision, ridicule; -[khuśī] happily; happiness; -[khela] an easy job; fun, fun and frolic; •[samajhanā] to take lightly/as a fun; to think to be easy; -[ṭhaṭṭhā] an easy job; joking and jesting; -[ṭhiṭholī] joking and jesting; —[uḍanā] to be made fun of, to be ridiculed/derided; —[uḍānā] to make fun of, to ridicule/deride; —[chūṭanā] to burst into laughter; —[jabta kara lenā] to suppress/restrain laughter; -[kī bāta] a laughing matter; —[meṃ uḍānā/uḍā denā] to laugh away/off; —[meṃ ṭālanā] to laugh away; —[meṃ phūla jhaḍanā] to laugh charmingly; —[meṃ le jānā] to take as a joke/fun; to take a serious matter as a joke; —[samajhanā] to treat as an easy job/as a joke; —[sūjhanā] to feel like joking.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Haṃsī (हंसी) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Haṃsī.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Haṃsi (ಹಂಸಿ):—

1) [noun] a female swan.

2) [noun] name of a plant.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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