Hamsaka, Haṃsaka: 5 definitions


Hamsaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Haṃsaka (हंसक) refers to classification of a temple/buidling (prāsāda), according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 63. The temple is mentioned being part of the group named Nāgara, which contains twenty different Prāsādas (temples/buildings). The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Haṃsaka (हंसक) or Haṃsa refers to a “swan” and represents the form Brahmā assumed when discovering the origins of a Liṅga that appeared, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.15:—“[...] the swan has the power of going up steadily. It has the power of discriminating between the real and the unreal as in separating milk from water. The swan (haṃsaka) understands the distinction between ignorance and knowledge. Hence I (Brahmā) the Creator, assumed the form of Swan. O Nārada! But I failed to cognize the refulgent form of Śiva and therefore could not exercise my power of discrimination. How can real knowledge dawn on one who is engaged in activities of creation? Hence though in the form of Swan I could not attain the power of discrimination”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Haṃsaka (हंसक).—A Dānava king.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 29. 122.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Haṃsaka (हंसक).—

1) A goose, flamingo.

2) An ornament for the ankles (nūpura or pādakaṭaka); सरित इव सविभ्रमप्रपातप्रणदित- हंसकभूषणा विरेजुः (sarita iva savibhramaprapātapraṇadita- haṃsakabhūṣaṇā virejuḥ) Śi.7.23 (where the word is used in the first sense also); Dk.2.5; पादलग्नेनेव कलहंसयुगेन हंसक- युगलेन परिष्कृताभ्यां पादकमलाभ्यां (pādalagneneva kalahaṃsayugena haṃsaka- yugalena pariṣkṛtābhyāṃ pādakamalābhyāṃ) ...... Cholachampū p.6.

3) A particular beating of time in music; L. D. B. See हंस (haṃsa) above for other senses.

Derivable forms: haṃsakaḥ (हंसकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Haṃsaka (हंसक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. An ornament for the feet, described as being made like a goose’s foot. 2. The flamingo. E. kan added to the last.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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