Hadaya: 4 definitions



Hadaya means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Hadaya (हदय) is Pali for “heart, ” (Sanskrit Hṛdaya) refers to one of the thirty-substances of the human body according to the Visuddhimagga, as mentioned in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra mentions thirty-six substances [viz., hadaya]; the Sanskrit sources of both the Lesser and the Greater Vehicles, physical substances are 26 in number while the Pāli suttas list thirty-once substances.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Pali for or 'essence' or 'the heart';

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

hadaya : (nt.) the heart.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Hadaya, (Vedic hṛdaya, hṛd=Av. ƶ∂r∂dā, not the same as Lat. cor(dem), but perhaps=Lat. haru entrails (haruspex). See K.Z. XL.419) the heart.—1. the physical organ D.II, 293; S.I, 207 (ettha uro hadayan ti vuttaṃ DhsA.140); in detail: Vism.256, 356; VbhA.60, 239. ‹-› 2. the heart as seat of thought and feeling, esp. of strong emotion (as in Vedas!), which shows itself in the action of the heart S.I, 199. Thus defined as “cintā” at Dhtm 535 (as had), or as “hadayaṃ vuccati cittaṃ, ” with ster. explanation “mano mānasa paṇḍara” etc. Dhs.17; Nd1 412. Cp. DhsA.140 (cittaṃ abbhantar’aṭṭhena hadayan ti vuttaṃ).—With citta at Sn.p. 32 (hadayaṃ te phalessāmi “I shall break your heart”); hadayaṃ phalitaṃ a broken heart J.I, 65; DhA.I, 173. chinna h. id. J.V, 180. hadayassa santi calmness of h. A.V, 64 sq.; hadayā hadayaṃ aññāya tacchati M.I, 32. h. nibbāyi the heart (i.e. anger) cooled down J.VI, 349; h. me avakaḍḍhati my heart is distraught J.IV, 415.—duhadaya bad-hearted J.VI, 469.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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