Guruvara, Guruvāra, Guru-vara: 7 definitions

Introduction

Guruvara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa

Guruvāra (गुरुवार) refers to “thursday”. The corresponding planet is bṛhaspati (or, devaguru, guru; jupiter). It is one of the seven days of the week (vāra). The term is used throughout Jyotiṣa literature.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (G) next»] — Guruvara in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Guruvāra (गुरुवार) refers to “thursday”, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.14. Accordingly, “it is said that the respective merits of the different days [viz., Guruvāra, ‘thursday’] are secured through the gratification of the gods. [...] The repetition of the mantras of the favourite deity accords the respective benefits of the day of the week. [...] A person who seeks longevity shall worship the deities for their gratification, with sacred thread, cloth, milk and ghee on Thursday (Guruvāra)”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Guruvāra (गुरुवार) or Bṛhaspativāra refers to “Thursday” and represents the first “day of the week” (vāra).—In accordance with the day of the week, one would utter, for example, guru-vārānvitāyāṃ.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

guruvāra (गुरुवार).—m (S Day of Guru or Jupiter.) Thursday.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

guruvāra (गुरुवार).—m Thursday.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Guruvāra (गुरुवार).—Thursday.

Derivable forms: guruvāraḥ (गुरुवारः).

Guruvāra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms guru and vāra (वार). See also (synonyms): guruvāsara.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Guruvāra (गुरुवार):—[=guru-vāra] [from guru] m. = -divasa, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi i, 3, 389] ([Mahābhārata])

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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