Guruvara, aka: Guruvāra, Guru-vara; 5 Definition(s)
Guruvara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)
Guruvāra (गुरुवार) refers to “thursday”. The corresponding planet is bṛhaspati (or, devaguru, guru; jupiter). It is one of the seven days of the week (vāra). The term is used throughout Jyotiṣa literature.Source: Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa
Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Guruvāra (गुरुवार) refers to “thursday”, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.14. Accordingly, “it is said that the respective merits of the different days [viz., Guruvāra, ‘thursday’] are secured through the gratification of the gods. [...] The repetition of the mantras of the favourite deity accords the respective benefits of the day of the week. [...] A person who seeks longevity shall worship the deities for their gratification, with sacred thread, cloth, milk and ghee on Thursday (Guruvāra)”.Source: archive.org: Siva Purana - English Translation
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Languages of India and abroad
guruvāra (गुरुवार).—m (S Day of Guru or Jupiter.) Thursday.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
guruvāra (गुरुवार).—m Thursday.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Derivable forms: guruvāraḥ (गुरुवारः).
Guruvāra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms guru and vāra (वार). See also (synonyms): guruvāsara.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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