Gurukula, Guru-kula: 5 definitions

Introduction

Gurukula means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: eJournal of Indian Medicine: Memoirs of Vaidyas (3)

Gurukula literally means ‘house of a teacher’ and denote a traditional educational system on which students stay with the teacher at the place where the teacher lives and learn from him.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Education: Systems & Practices

Gurukula (गुरुकुल) refers to “centres of learning around great teachers (Guru)” and forms part of the ancient Indian education system, which aimed at both the inner and the outer dimension of a person. Education in India started in the village itself in the home and in the temples. From there the aspiring student moved to gurukulas, centres of learning around great teachers and from there the aspiring scholar went to vihāras and universities. After that, the best of them became teachers-in fact parivrājakas who walked around the country village to village, promoting lokasaṃgraha, general welfare, by imparting right values and jñana.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gurukula (गुरुकुल).—the residence of a Guru (gurugṛha), academy; वसन् गुरुकुले नित्यं नित्यम- ध्ययने रतः (vasan gurukule nityaṃ nityama- dhyayane rataḥ) Mb.9.4.3; आवृत्तानां गुरुकुलाद्विप्राणां पूजको भवेत् (āvṛttānāṃ gurukulādviprāṇāṃ pūjako bhavet) Ms.7.82.

Derivable forms: gurukulam (गुरुकुलम्).

Gurukula is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms guru and kula (कुल).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gurukula (गुरुकुल):—[=guru-kula] [from guru] n. the house of a Guru, [Mahābhārata i, [chapter] 3; Pāṇini 2-1, 42], [vArttika], [Patañjali]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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