Guruka: 8 definitions


Guruka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Guruka (गुरुक) is the name of a Śrāvaka mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Guruka).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Guruka (गुरुक).—a. (- f.)

1) A little heavy.

2) Long (in prosody).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Guruka (गुरुक).—adj. (1) (= Sanskrit guru), serious, weighty: praṇidhānaṃ gurukaṃ Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 242.4 (prose); important (of persons), influential (?), rājño kumāresmiṃ guruko preṣya(ḥ), tena bhūyo-bhūyaḥ pṛcch(y)amānena ācikṣi- taṃ Mahāvastu ii.73.13 (prose; so read, with mss. except for parenthetized letters), there was an important servant of the king in the prince's presence; he, on being asked (by the prince) repeatedly, said… (Senart em. violently and needlessly); especially at the end of [bahuvrīhi] cpds., Lalitavistara 20.4, 5 (prose) yadā brāhmaṇa-guruko (and kṣatriya-gu°) loko bhavati, when brahmans (kṣatriyas) are dominant in the world; (2) (= Pali garuka) bent, intent on; eagerly desirous, covetous of, with gen. or in composition; regularly of desires that are disapproved: lābha-guruko 'bhūt satkāra-guruko jñātra- (q.v.; so read with v.l. for jñāta-)-guruko Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 22.4 (prose); lābha-g°, satkāra-g° Mahāvastu i.89.12—13; jñātra-g° Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 34.4 (compare Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 22.4 above); gurukaḥ Mahāvyutpatti 6773 = Tibetan gduṅ ba, gdu ba, longing, lustful (especially in bad sense); lābha-satkāra-śloka-g° Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 58.5; āmiṣa-g° Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 35.2; lokā- miṣa-g° Śikṣāsamuccaya 20.17; yācanaka-g° 145.2, eager for alms; upasthāna-g° 199.17 covetous of service; middha-guruko… kāyaguruko…sa tena middhagurukatvena…kāyakla- mathena samanvāgato na śrotukāmo bhaviṣyati Aṣṭasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 245.9, similarly 13; also of desires which are approved, satya-g° Śikṣāsamuccaya 12.8; dharma-g° Śikṣāsamuccaya 323.1; dharmasamā- dāna-g°, saṃparāya-g° Bodhisattvabhūmi 7.1; samādhisaṃbhāra-g° Bodhisattvabhūmi 395.2; also pratisaṃlayana-(q.v.)-guruko.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Guruka (गुरुक).—[guru + ka], adj. A little heavy, Mahābhārata 3, 11477.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Guruka (गुरुक):—[from guru] mfn. a little heavy, [Mahābhārata iii, 11477]

2) [v.s. ...] (said of limbs slightly affected with sickness), [Suśruta i, 31, 22; iv, 5, 41]

3) [v.s. ...] (in prosody) long, [Śrutabodha 12 f.]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Guruka (गुरुक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Garua.

[Sanskrit to German]

Guruka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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