Gunasagara, Guṇasāgara, Guna-sagara: 13 definitions


Gunasagara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Gunasagara in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Guṇasāgara (गुणसागर) is the name of an ancient king from Kaṭāha-dvīpa, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 123. Accordingly, “... in it [Kaṭāha] there is a king rightly named Guṇasāgara. He had born to him by his principal queen a daughter named Guṇavatī, who by her beauty produced astonishment even in the Creator who made her”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Guṇasāgara, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Gunasagara in Mahayana glossary
Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Guṇasāgara (गुणसागर) refers to the “ocean of good”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] Then again, the Bodhisattva, the great being Gaganagañja uttered these verses to that Bodhisattva, the great being Guṇarājaprabhāsa: ‘(30) [...] The one who takes pleasure in the dharma which is to keep the lineage of the Buddhas (buddhavaṃsa), who constantly praises the Buddhas, who is highly renowned in the three worlds, I ask the Lord in order to worship the ocean of good (guṇasāgara). [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Guṇasāgara (गुणसागर) refers to an “ocean of (unfailing) virtues”, according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Naturally gentle Lokeśvara, an ocean of unfailing virtues (amogha-guṇasāgara), An Amitābha adorned crown, I give homage, Amoghapāśa”

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Gunasagara in Jainism glossary
Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Guṇasāgara (गुणसागर) is the daughter of an ancient Muni, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.4 [Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “[...] Vajrabāhu took Manoramā and started for his city with his wife’s brother, Udayasundara, accompanying him from devotion. As he went along, he saw the great muni, Guṇasāgara, practicing penance on Mt. Vasanta, like the sun on the eastern mountain, powerful with the brilliance of penance, looking up like a spectator of the road to emancipation, engaged in endurance of the sun’s heat. [...]”.

Source: Tessitori Collection I

1) Guṇasāgara (गुणसागर) or Guṇasāgarasūri is the author of the Ḍhālasāgara (dealing with Jain universal history such as the Jinas and related figures), which is (partly) included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—Guṇasāgarasūri belonged to the vidyāgaccha and was the disciple of Padmasāgarasūri. Checking the manuscript against the edition confirms the identification, but, although the parts available in the manuscript are found in the edition., the succession and number of the ḍhālas do not correspond.

2) Guṇasāgara (गुणसागर) is the name of a merchant, according to the “Padmāvatī satī kī vāratā”.—This is not the story of the famous Padmāvatī, wife of king Dadhivāhana, who was carried away in the forest while she was expecting the birth of the future Karakaṇḍu and had to endure several adventures that were challenging for her as a spouse. This one was the wife of the merchant Guṇasāgara. She went abroad with him and met a Yogin who transformed her into an ugly person, etc. Jain signs in the story are: recitation of Navakāramantra, final account of explanatory previous birth by a monk.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Gunasagara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Guṇasāgara (गुणसागर).—

1) 'an ocean of merit, a very meritorious man.

2) an epithet of Brahmā.

Derivable forms: guṇasāgaraḥ (गुणसागरः).

Guṇasāgara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms guṇa and sāgara (सागर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Guṇasāgara (गुणसागर).—name of a Buddha: Gaṇḍavyūha 259.18.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Guṇasāgara (गुणसागर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Endowed with all good qualities. m.

(-raḥ) 1. A name of Brahma. 2. A form of Budd'Ha, a Baudd'ha. E. guṇa excellence, and sāgara the ocean; an ocean of desert.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Guṇasāgara (गुणसागर):—[=guṇa-sāgara] [from guṇa] m. = -samudra, [Mahābhārata iii, 16762; Rāmāyaṇa ii; Śukasaptati]

2) [v.s. ...] Brahmā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a Buddha, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] of a prince, [Kathāsaritsāgara cxxiii]

5) [v.s. ...] mfn. endowed with all good qualities, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Guṇasāgara (गुणसागर):—[guṇa-sāgara] (raḥ) 1. m. A name of Brahmā; of Buddha. a. Having an ocean of excellencies.

[Sanskrit to German]

Gunasagara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Gunasagara in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Guṇasāgara (ಗುಣಸಾಗರ):—[noun] a highly virtuous, righteous man.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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