Gumpha; 5 Definition(s)
Gumpha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Gumpha (गुम्फ) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century) in his Kāvyavilāsa and is listed as one of the 89 arthālaṃkāras (figure of speech determined by the sense, as opposed to sound).
Cirañjīva has introduced a new figure of speech called gumpha. He defines it as follows—“uttarottarakāryāṇāṃ dhārayā gumpha ucyate”.—“When a series of succeeding effects are described it is the figure gumpha”. Cirañjīva has usually followed Jayadeva in the treatment of figures of speech. But this gumpha is not to be traced in the Candrāloka of Jayadeva. Jayadeva has admitted the figures of speech kāraṇamālā which is very much akin to the figure gumpha of Cirañjīva.
Example of the gumpha-alaṃkāra:—
śrameṇa vidyā’tha tayā vivekastenā’pi dhīrasya vimohabhaṅgaḥ |
utpadyate pūrvajaniprabhūtaprabhūtapuṇye sati satsahāye ||
“Learning is acquired by perseverence, and by it conscience grows, again by that destruction of infatuation of the judicious person takes place. All these happen if much virtue acquired in the previous birth be helpful to nobel persons”.
Notes: Here the series of succeeding effects are described. These effects are learning, conscience and dispelling of infatuation generated respectively by perseverence, learning and conscience. So it is an example of gumpha-alaṃkāra.Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Languages of India and abroad
Gumpha, see ogumpheti. (Page 252)Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
gumpha (गुंफ).—f ē (S) Combings (of śēṇḍī, vēṇī, or hair).
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gumphā (गुंफा).—f (S) pop. guphā f A sylvan abode of a yōgī or devotee; a recess formed by intertwining boughs and creepers; an arbour, a bower. 2 A cavern or cave.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
gumpha (गुंफ).—f Combings (of hair).
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gumphā (गुंफा).—f A sylvan abode of a yōgī, a recess formed by intertwining boughs and creepers, an arbour, a bower. A cavern, cave.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
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