Grihya, Gṛhya, Gṛhyā: 15 definitions


Grihya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Gṛhya and Gṛhyā can be transliterated into English as Grhya or Grihya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Gṛhya (गृह्य) refers to “sacrificial (substance)”, according to Brahmayāmala verse 45.197-199 and 247-250.—Accordingly, “[...] Once the excellent adept has cleaned the sacred seat with holy water, he places his own sacrifice there beginning with the (formation of the) place (of union) and the rest. Once done that, O fair lady, he kisses and embraces the sacred seat and having caused the male organ to enter, preceded by the (formation of the) place (of union) and the rest, he then conjoins the omnipresent (i.e. sperm), along with flowers, scent and the rest, to it. Then, having aroused the Śakti and collected the sacrificial substance (i.e. sexual fluid) [i.e., gṛhyadravyaṃ gṛhya] generated from that and then having eaten (some of that) substance and offered libation, he should then offer it (to the deity)”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Gṛhya (गृह्य) or Saṃgṛhya refers to “having gathered (various articles)” (suitable for a marriage ceremony)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.37 (“The letter of betrothal is dispatched”).—Accordingly, as Himavat prepared the wedding of Menā and Śiva: “[...] Then he began collecting foodstuffs and other requisite articles intended for the performance of the marriage. [...] Tanks were built for butter, spirituous beverages, sweet juices of various kinds and rice preparations of various sorts. Different kinds of pickles and side dishes were prepared that might appeal to Śiva’s Gaṇas and the gods. Different kinds of valuable garments purified in fire were kept ready. Gems and jewels of different kinds, gold, silver and other articles were gathered (saṃgṛhya) duly. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Gṛhya (गृह्य) refers to “seizing (an image)” (as part of an offering ceremony), according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [as the Bhagavān teaches an offering manual]: “A wax Garuḍa should be made. [...] If there is a drought, then the spell-master should seize (gṛhya) it and take it to the residence of the Nāgas. Having placed it at the Nāga residence lake, and offered incense, mustard seeds should be thrown into the middle of the residence after reciting the mantra three times [into each seed]. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gṛhya (गृह्य).—a S Relating to the house. 2 Domestic, tame &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gṛhya (गृह्य).—a Relating to the house. Ex. gṛhya saṃskāra. Domestic. tame &c.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gṛhya (गृह्य).—a. [gṛh kyap]

1) To be attracted or pleased, as in गुणगृह्य (guṇagṛhya) q. v.

2) Domestic; गृह्याणां चैव देवानां नित्यपुष्पबलि- क्रिया (gṛhyāṇāṃ caiva devānāṃ nityapuṣpabali- kriyā) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.141.43.

3) Not master of oneself, dependent.

4) Tame, domesticated.

5) Situated out-side of; ग्रामगृह्या सेना (grāmagṛhyā senā) 'an army out-side a village.'

6) Adhering to the party of, being in close relation to; तमार्यगृह्यम् (tamāryagṛhyam) R.2.33.

7) Perceptible; Śvet. Up.1.13.

-hyaḥ 1 The inmate of a house.

2) A tame animal or bird.

3) The domestic fire.

-hyam 1 The anus.

2) A suburb; L. D. B.

3) A domestic affair; गृह्याणि कर्तुमपि (gṛhyāṇi kartumapi) Bhāgavata 1.8.25.

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Gṛhyā (गृह्या).—A village adjoining to a city; a suburb.

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Gṛhya (गृह्य).—a.

1) To be taken or received.

2) To be sized.

3) To be observed, perceptible, perceivable.

4) To be acknowledged or admitted.

5) To be trusted or relied on; to be honored.

6) Taking the side of, adopting or choosing as best.

7) Dependent, subservient.

-hyaḥ The anus.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gṛhya (गृह्य).—mfn.

(-hyaḥ-hyā-hyaṃ) 1. Dependent, subservient. 2. A partisan of or belonging to a side or party. 3. To be taken or seized. 4. To be trusted to, to be relied on. 5. To be acknowledged or admitted, to be adopted as faith or belief. 5. Domestic, of or belonging to a house. m.

(-hyaḥ) A tame or domesticated animal. n.

(-hyaṃ) 1. The name of a book, containing directions for religious rites, a section or component treatise of the Sama Veda, by Gobhila and others; which contains rules for the performance of domestic and other ceremonies: the ritual of the Vedas. f.

(-hyā) A suburb, a village adjoining to a city, or a small village attached to a larger. E. graha or gṛha to take, affix kyap; or gṛha a house, yat affix; also with kan added gṛhyaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gṛhya (गृह्य).—i. e. gṛha + ya, I. adj., f. , Domestic, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 84. Ii. m. A dependent, a servant, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 191, 20.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gṛhya (गृह्य).—1. [adjective] to be seized or taken, perceptible.

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Gṛhya (गृह्य).—2. = gṛhītvā (v. grabh).

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Gṛhya (गृह्य).—3. [adjective] belonging to a house, domestic. [masculine] the house-fire, [plural] the inmates of a house, the family or servants; [feminine] ā & [neuter] domestic rite or rule.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gṛhya (गृह्य):—[from gṛbh] 1. gṛhya [indeclinable participle] [Vedic or Veda] ifc., ‘seizing by’ See karṇa-, pāda-, and hasta-gṛhya

2) [v.s. ...] haste-.

3) [v.s. ...] 2. gṛhya mfn. ([from] √grah) to be grasped or taken, [Atharva-veda v, 20, 4; Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra v, 2, 5]

4) [v.s. ...] perceptible, [Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad i, 13]

5) [v.s. ...] (a- [negative]), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv]

6) [v.s. ...] ([Pāṇini 3-1, 119]) ‘to be taken together with’ (in [compound]), adhering to the party of ([Kāśikā-vṛtti]), being in close relation to (as the lotus to the moon), [Kāvyādarśa ii, 179; Daśakumāra-carita vi; vii, 254; Kirātārjunīya ii, 5; Bhaṭṭi-kāvya vi, 61]

7) [v.s. ...] to be acknowledged or admitted, [Horace H. Wilson]

8) [v.s. ...] to be adopted or trusted or relied on [Horace H. Wilson]

9) [v.s. ...] = ava-, [Vopadeva xxvi, 20]

10) [v.s. ...] n. for guhya (anus), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) Gṛhyā (गृह्या):—[from gṛhya > gṛbh] a f. ([Pāṇini 3-1, 119]) ifc. being outside (of a town or village, as senā, an army), [Kāśikā-vṛtti]

12) [v.s. ...] a suburb, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) Gṛhya (गृह्य):—[from gṛbh] 3. gṛhya mfn. ([from] gṛha) belonging to a house, domestic (said of an Agni), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā v; Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa viii, 10, 9; Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa] etc. (said of a series of ceremonies relating to family or domestic affairs, such as marriages, births etc., and treated of in the Gṛhya-sūtras, q.v.)

14) [v.s. ...] living in houses, domesticated (as animals), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] not free, dependent, (a- [negative]), [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya vi, 61]

16) [v.s. ...] m. the domestic Agni, [Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra v, 2, 5]

17) [v.s. ...] a domesticated animal, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] the inmates of a house, domestics, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa ii f., xii; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra ii]

19) [v.s. ...] n. a domestic rite, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra]

20) [v.s. ...] a domestic rule or affair, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa x, 8, 25; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

21) [v.s. ...] = -sūtra

22) Gṛhyā (गृह्या):—[from gṛhya > gṛbh] b f. domestic rites and the rules relating to them, [Gṛhyāsaṃgraha]

23) [from gṛbh] c f. of 2. and 3. hya q.v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gṛhya (गृह्य):—[(hyaḥ-hyā-hyaṃ) a.] Dependent; a partisan; that may be taken. m. A tame animal. f. A suburb. n. A religious ritual.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Gṛhya (गृह्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Gijjha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Grihya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Gṛhya (ಗೃಹ್ಯ):—

1) [adjective] belonging to a house; having to do with the home or housekeeping; of the house or family; domestic.

2) [adjective] fit to be seized, grasped.

3) [adjective] fit to be received, accepted; acceptable.

4) [adjective] accepted; received.

5) [adjective] taking the part of or strongly supporting one side, party or person; partisan.

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Gṛhya (ಗೃಹ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] any of the rites, as naming, marriage, etc., a householder has to perform as per the religious code.

2) [noun] any of the domesticated birds, animals, etc.

3) [noun] a man depending on or submissive to another.

4) [noun] the excretory opening at the end of the alimentary canal; the anus.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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