Grihita, Gṛhīta: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Grihita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Gṛhīta can be transliterated into English as Grhita or Grihita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Grahit.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Gṛhīta (गृहीत).—Included; cf. भ्राजादिसूत्र एव गृहीतत्वात् (bhrājādisūtra eva gṛhītatvāt) Kas. on P. III. 2.178.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Gṛhīta (गृहीत) means “to grasp” or “to seize”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.15 (“The penance and reign of Tārakāsura”).—Accordingly, after Tāraka requested boons from Brahmā: “[...] That great demon [i.e., Tāraka] was crowned the king of the three worlds with the permission of Śukra, the preceptor of the demons. [...] Wherever a fine article was espied by the demon, he seized it [i.e., gṛhīta] immediately. The three worlds became void of all valuable things. O sage, the oceans the offered him their gems on account of fear. The entire earth became exuberant in productivity without being tilled and yielded what his subjects desired. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Universität Wien: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Gṛhīta (गृहीत) refers to “(being) seized (by illness)”, according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “An abnormal modification caused by a aggressive ritual against Kings, occurring at the improper time, dreadful and all-reaching, is characterized by the these signs: [...] the earth produces less grains and multitudes of cows fall dead; his kingdom suffers again and again from droughts; the Earth-Master’s Queens are seized by serious illness (tīvrāmaya-gṛhīta); snakes and ants appear in the palace, at the main gate and in the pavilion; [...] from such and other signs he should understand that the enemy is performing a aggressive ritual”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Gṛhīta (गृहीत) refers to “obtaining” (great peace), according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 10.39-45]—“[...] He worships with a mixture of white sandalwood, dust-colored powdered camphor, seeds, grain, and sesame, [mixed together] with white sugar [that has been] combined with ghee and milk. All meditation done with effort and volition is the highest, etc. [and] causes one to thrive, etc. If, while [performing the agreed mediation], worshiping with Mṛtyujit [in mind, the king] obtains (gṛhīta) great peace [mahāśanti] instantly”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Gṛhīta (गृहीत) refers to “grasping (a weapon in the hand)”, according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Oṃ homage to the fierce Vajrapāṇi, great vajra-anger, a Bhairava, With gigantic fangs, grasping (gṛhīta) in hand a sword, club, ax and noose”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Gṛhīta (गृहीत) refers to “(having) seized (flowers and fruits)”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [as the Bhagavān teaches the offering of the root spell], “[...] Having enchanted ash-water twenty-one times, and having sprinkled it [on himself], self-protection will be established. Having enchanted mustard seeds 108 times, and enchanted drinking water seven times at the time of the rumbling of clouds, one should throw mustard seeds towards the sky. Cloud-binding should be given in the sky. Facing the clouds all seized (gṛhīta) flowers and fruits fall onto the ground. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

1a) Gṛhīta (गृहीत) refers to an aspect of mithyātva (false belief) as defined by Āśādhara in his 13th century Sāgāra-dharmāmṛta. Accordingly, gṛhīta refers to an attitude acquired, for example, by birth in a family which professes a false creed.

1b) Gṛhīta (गृहीत) is also defined by Amitagati in his 11th century Śrāvakācāra. Accordingly, gṛhīta refers to the attitude of acquired habit like the leather-worker’s dog which gnaws hides.

Mithyātva refers to the direct opposite of samyaktva, and is defined by Hemacandra in his 12th century Yogaśāstra verse 2.17 as belief in false divinities, false gurus, and false scriptures.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Gṛhīta (गृहीत) refers to “obtaining” (the benefit of this life), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Having become indifferent [to worldly life], certainly the benefit of this life is obtained (gṛhīta) by those whose actions are virtuous by whom the body is rendered useless for the sake of [their] self. Having taken hold of this body in this life, suffering is endured by you. Hence, that [body] is certainly a completely worthless abode”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gṛhīta (गृहीत).—p (S) Taken, seized, caught, apprehended gen.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gṛhita (गृहित).—p Taken, caught, apprehended.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gṛhīta (गृहीत).—See under ग्रह् (grah).

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Gṛhīta (गृहीत).—p. p. [grah karmaṇi-kta]

1) Taken, seized, caught, held, grasped, laid hold of; केशेषु गृहितः (keśeṣu gṛhitaḥ).

2) Obtained, acquired, gained.

3) Received, accepted.

4) Robbed.

5) Collected.

6) Agreed, promised.

7) Perceived, known, understood, learnt.

8) Worn (see grah).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gṛhīta (गृहीत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Taken, attached, seized, caught. 2. Obtained. 3. Known, understood. 4. Promised, agreed. 5. Learnt, acquired. E. grah to take, affix kta, ra changed to .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gṛhīta (गृहीत).—[adjective] grasped, taken, conceived, etc.; often °— having taken or conceived; taken by, provided with.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gṛhīta (गृहीत):—[from gṛbh] mfn. (√grah, but See gṛbhāya) grasped, taken, seized, caught, held, laid hold of [Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] received, accepted

3) [v.s. ...] received hospitably (as a guest), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa iii, 5, 19]

4) [v.s. ...] obtained, gained

5) [v.s. ...] ‘taken on one’s self’ See -mauna

6) [v.s. ...] mentioned, [Pañcatantra]

7) [v.s. ...] perceived, understood, [Śakuntalā] ([varia lectio]), [Mudrārākṣasa]

8) [v.s. ...] received completely into one’s mind (opposed to adhīta, ‘studied’, but not successfully), [Pāṇini 2-3, 6; Kāśikā-vṛtti; Bhāgavata-purāṇa i, 2, 12.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gṛhīta (गृहीत):—[(taḥ-tā-taṃ) p.] Taken.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Gṛhīta (गृहीत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Gahia, Gihīa, Ṇiruvāria, Piṃgia, Vaḍia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Grihita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Grihita in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Gṛhīta (गृहीत) [Also spelled grahit]:—(nm) postulate; (a) assumed; accepted.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Gṛhīta (ಗೃಹೀತ):—

1) [adjective] taken hold of; grasped; seized; caught; received; obtained.

2) [adjective] comprehended; understood; perceived.

--- OR ---

Gṛhīta (ಗೃಹೀತ):—

1) [noun] that which can be or fit to be received, accepted.

2) [noun] a mental conception or image; a notion; a thought; an opinion.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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